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中考英语语法:中考复习策略27

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2011-05-13 05:57

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中考复习策略27

O?

o'clock ?

[误] It's ten past five o'clock.?

[正] It's ten past five.?

[析] o'clock所表达的时间是正点,如果要表达的时间是几点几分或差几分几点都不能用o'clock.?

once ?

[误] Please come and see me once.?

[正] Please come and see me one day.?

[析] once用来谈论过去的事情,而不能谈论未来。如果要谈及未来要用one day, some time等。?

[误] I met him one time when I was a student.?

[正] I met him once when I was a student.?

[析] 英语中一次应用once而不用one time,二次要用twice而不用two times.?

one ?

[误] My grandfather wants to live for hundred years.?

[正] My grandfather wants to live for one hundred years.?

[误] He threw away the old dictionary and wanted to buy new one.?

[正] He threw away the old dictionary and wanted to buy a new one.?

[误] His dog is bigger than my one.?

[正] His dog is bigger than mine.?

[析] 一般物主代词之后不用one,除非one前有修饰词,如my old one, 否则要用名词性物主代词。?

[误] One of the teacher is in the office.?

[误] One of the teachers are in the office.?

[正] One of the teachers is in the office.?

[析] One是句子的主语,其谓语动词应用单数,而of后面的名词要用复数名词。?

[误] One third of the books is sent to the students.?

[正] One third of the books are sent to the students.?

[析] 几分之几或百分之几这一结构用在主语位置,其谓语动词要与of后面的名词一致,如Two thirds of the work is done.?

open ?

[误] Are the banks opened today??

[正] Are the banks open today??

[析] 要注意open即可用作动词、名词,还可以用作形容词,而close则不同。请看: Are the banks closed today?这一句是正确的。?

or ?

[误] He doesn't drink and smoke.?

[正] He doesn't drink or smoke.?

[析] 否定句中的并列连词要用or而不用and.?

[误] He neither drinks or smokes.?

[正] He neither drinks nor smokes.?

other ?

[误] Where are the others students??

[正] Where are the other students??

[正] Where are the others??

[析] other作形容词时没有复数形式,且作为泛指讲时没有定冠词,如: Ask some other eople. 而加定冠词后为特指。 the other可在句中作主语、宾语或定语,如: Now let me show you the other. (宾语) He has two sons. One is a worker, the other is a teacher. (主语) others 只能作代词,而the others则为特指,如: There are five books. Two of them are not good. I like the others.?

out ?

[误] She went out the classroom, taking a dictionary with her.?

[正] She went out of the classroom, taking a dictionary with her.?

[析] out of是指"从……里出来",使用时不要将of丢掉。?

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