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中考英语语法:中考英语总复习5

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2011-05-13 05:45

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中考英语总复习5

五、介词

1.in; on; at用在时间词前,表"在"

1)at + 具体时刻

2)on + 具体某天(具体某天的上、下午等;星期词;以及上、下午词前有修饰词时)

3)in + 年、月、季节及一天中的某部分

但注意:at night= in the night at noon

at this / that time at Christmas

eg. 1.___ the morning 2.___ Monday morning

3. ___ a rainy evening 4. ___3:50 5.__ 2002

6.___ the morning of April 10 7.___ spring

8.___ night 9.___ this time 10. ___ March

另外注意:在时间词(morning , afternoon , evening ; Sunday…)前有last, next , this , that时,不再用介词. tomorrow, tonight前也不用介词。

eg. I will go(A) to the cinema(B) in(C) this evening. ______________

2. in , on , at 表地点:

at一般指小地方;in一般指大地方或某个范围之内;on往往表示"在某个物体的表面"。例如:

eg. 1)He arrived ___Shanghai yesterday.

2)They arrived ___a small village before dark.

3)There is a big hole ____ the wall.

4)The teacher put up a picture ____ the wall.

3.in , on , to表方位

in(范围内);on(范围外且接壤);to(范围外但不接壤)。可表示为下图的位置关系

eg.1)Taiwan is in the southeast of China.

2)Hubei is on the north of Hunan.

3)Japan is to the east of China.

cross: 动词"跨过,越过"=go across

4. across: (表面)跨过

through: (内部)穿过,贯穿 介词

eg. 1)Can you swim _____ the river?

2)The road runs __________ the forest.

3) _____ the bridge, you'll find a cinema.

5. in + 时间段:与将来时连用

after + 时间段:与过去时连用

但after + 时间点:可与将来时连用。

1) I'll leave _______ three o'clock.. That is, I'll leave ________ about ten minutes.

2)They left _______ two weeks.

6. in the tree(外加在树上的事物)

on the tree(树上自身具有的花、果、叶等)

in the wall(镶嵌在墙内部的事物)

7. on the wall(墙表面的事物)

1) There is a map ___ the wall

2) There are four windows ___ the wall.

8.by bike / bus / car / ship (单数且无冠词)

但当这些交通工具名词前有其它修饰词时,则应使用相应的介词。

eg. by bike = on a(the; his) bike

by car = in a(the ; her) car

on: 在…(表面)上--接触

9. over: 在…的正上方

above: 在…的斜上方 未接触

1) The moon rose ______ the hill.

2) There is a bridge _____ the river.

3) There is a book ______ the desk.

10. between: 在(两者)之间

among :在(三者以上)之间

1)A big crowd of people were waiting for Li Lida on the beach. ________ them were his parents.

2)Tom sits ________Lucy and Lily.

11.on与about : 关于

on用于较正式的演讲、学术、书籍等

about用于非正式的谈话或随便提及

eg. He gave a talk ____ the history of the Party

12. in front of :在…前面/方(范围外)= before

in / at the front of:在……前部(范围内)

1)There is a big tree _______ of the classroom.

2)A driver drives _________ of the bus.

类似区别:at the back of与behind

13.with和in: 表示"用"

with: 指"用工具、手、口等"

in: 指"用语言、话语、声音等"

1) Please write the letter ____ a pen.

2) Please speak ____ a loud voice.

14. on a farm ; in a factory ; the girl in the hat ; leave for: 动身前往某地

15.一些固定搭配:

(1)介词与动词的搭配

listen to , laugh at, get to, look for;

wait for, hear from, turn on, turn off, worry about, think of, look after, spend…on…, 等。

(2)介词与名词的搭配

on time, in time, by bus, on foot,

with pleasure, on one's way to, in trouble,

at breakfast, at the end of, in the end等。

(3)介词与形容词的搭配

be late for, be afraid of, be good at,

be interested in, be angry with,

be full of, be sorry for等。

六、连词: 从属连词和并列连词

(一)从属连词:用于连接各种从句的连词

(二)并列连词:

并列连词用来连接具有并列关系的词,短语或句子。常见的并列连词有:

1.表并列关系的and, both…and, not only…but also, neither…nor等。

2. 表选择关系的or, either…or等。

3. 表转折关系的but, while(然而)等。

4.表因果关系的for, so等。

5. and: "和"在肯定句中表并列

or: "和"在否定句中表并列

另外:1)or "或者"用于选择疑问句

2)or "否则"

eg. ①.Which do you like better, tea or milk?

②.Hurry up, or you'll be late for school.

6.but "但是"表转折

eg. I listened, but I heard nothing.

注意:1)though(虽然), but(但是)不能连用

2)not … but 不是…而是

eg. This book isn't mine but yours.

both… and : 既…又(连接主语为复数)

neither…nor: 既不…也不 连接两主

7. either…or: 或者…或者 语后者决

not only … but also:不但…而且 定单、复

eg.1)Both he and I are students.

2)Neither he nor I am a student.

练 习

( )1.___ the afternoon of May, we visited the old man. A. On B. At C. In

( )2.Many people work ___ the day and sleep ___ night. A. on ; at B. in ; in C. in ; at

( )3.He speaks Japanese best ____ the boy students. A. between B. with C. among

( )4.A wolf ___ a sheep skin is our dangerous enemy. A. with B. in C. on

( )5.Joan hopes to come back ___ three days.

A. after B. for C. in

( )6.They sent the letter to me ___ mistake.

A. by B. for C. with

( )7.He left home ___ a cold winter evening.

A. at B. on C. in

( )8.Shanghai is ____ the east of China.

A. in B. on C. to

( )9.____ my father's help, I have finished my composition.

A. Under B. On C. with

( )10.He's very strict ____ himself and he's very strict ___ his work.

A. with ; in B. in ; with C. with ; with

( )11.I really can't agree ____ you.

A. to B. on C. with

( )12.The shop won't open ___ nine in the morning.

A. until B. at C. during

( )13.How about ___ the flowers now?

A. watering B. are watering C. watered

( )14.She spent all his money ___ books.

A. in B. with C. on

( )15.They are talking ___ low voices.

A. with B. in C. on

( )16.It's very kind ___ you to help us.

A. for B. to C. of

( )17.What will you have ___ breakfast this morning?

A. with B. for C. by

( )18.A plane is flying ____ the city.

A. on B. over C. above

( )19.You are free to speak ___ the meeting.

A. at B. in C. on

( )20.Mr. Green will stay in China___ Friday.

A. to B. on C. till

( )21.It's wrong to play tricks ___ other people.

A. on B. of C. with

( )22.Which color do you like? I prefer blue ___ red. A. for B. as C. to

( )23.The student will give us a talk ___ how to use our spare time.

A. for B. on C. in

( )24.I paid two hundred yuan ___ that kind of bicycle.

A. in B. for C. on

( )25.The doctor is very kind ___ his patients

A. to B. on C. at

( )26.We can't live ___ air.

A. in B. with C. without

( )27.The child was afraid ___ the strange sound. A. at B. for C. of

( )28.He was very angry ___ her for being late. A. for B. with C. at

( )29.What do you think ___ the play?

A. about B. like C. of

( )30.I think it's the right way to work out the problem, but I am not sure _____ it.

A. do B. for C. of

( )31.Reading ___ the sun isn't good ___ you

A. under ; for B. in ; for C. in ; to

( )32.I won't ask about it, I'm going to see it ____ my own eyes.

A. by B. for C. with

( )33.We go to school every day ____ Sunday. A. except B. without C. on

( )34.There is a small river ___ the two towns A. in B. between C. among

( )35.Li Lei sometimes falls asleep ___ the lesson. A. for B. through C. during

( )36.Mr. Black went to Paris ___ a few days.

A. for B. in C. after

( )37.They will leave ________ London next month.

A. to B. from C. for

( )38.Are you going to the zoo ___ bus or ___ my car?

A. on ; by B. by ; in C. on ; in

( )39.He woke up several times ___ the night

A. in B. at C. on

( )40.No one can stop her ___ going away.

A. of B. from C. out of

( )41.What do you mean ___ "bao zhi"?

A. on B. with C. by

( )42.You'll get a nice present ____ your parents____ your birthday.

A. from ; on B. for ; at C. frm ; in

( )43.Light comes in ____ the window.

A. from B. across C. through

( )44.There are many apples ___ the tree. A bird ___ the tree is picking an apple.

A. in ; on B. on ; in C. in ; at

( )45. "Who are you going to play ____?" "Grade Two."

A. about B. by C. against

( )46. Don't go ___ the street. The bus is coming.

A. cross B. across C. past

( )47.He lives ___ the twentieth floor ___ No. 154 Zhongshan Street.

A. on ; at B. in ; in C. on ; in

( )48.He found a piece of useful information ___ the Internet.

A. at B. on C. in

( )49.___ my surprise, he lost the game.

A. With B. To C. On

( )50.The blind man knows the money ___ touching and feeling it.

A. with B. by C. through

( )51. We traveled overnight to Paris and arrived _______ 5 o'clock ______ the morning.

A. on; in B. at; in C. at; on D. in; on

( )52. Where's Lily? We are all here _______ her.

A. beside B. about C. except D. with

( )53. She sent her friend a postcard _______ a birthday present.

A. on B. as C. for D. of

( )54. Jack has studied Chinese in this school _______ the year of 2000.

A. since B. in C. on D. by

( )55. ---What is a writing brush, do you know?

---It's _______ writing and drawing.

A. with B. to C. for D. by

( )56. English is widely used ______ travellers and business people all over the world.

A. to B. for C. as D. by

( )57. ______ the help of my teacher, I caught up with the other students.

A. Under B. In C. With D. On

( )58. Hong Kong is ______ the south of China, and Macao is ______ the west of Hong Kong.

A. in; to B. to; to C. to; in D. in; in

( )59. ---You'd better not go out now. It's raining.

---It doesn't matter. My new coat can keep ______ rain.

A. in B. of C. with D. off

( )60. Japan lies ______ the east of China.

A. to B. in C. about D. at

( )61. ---Will the foreigners have any problems talking with Chinese in 2008?

---I don't think so. Now ______ the young ______ the old can speak some English.

A. either…or B. not only… but also

C. neither…nor D. both…or

( )62. We didn't catch the train _______ we left late.

A. so B. because C. but D. though

( )63. Tom failed in the exam again _______ he wanted to pass it very much.

A. if B. so C. though D. as

( )64. I won't believe that the five-year-old boy can read five thousand words ______ I have tested him myself.

A. after B. when C. if D. until

( )65. The book was so interesting that he had read it for three hours ______ he realized it.

A. when B. until C. after D. before

( )66. ---This dress was last year's style.

---I think it still looks perfect ______ it has gone out this year.

A. so that B. even though

C. as if D. ever since

( )67. Hurry up, _______ you will miss the train.

A. and B. so C. however D. or

( )68. The mountain was ______ steep _____ few people in our city reached the top.

A. so…as B. so…that

C. as…as D. too…to

( )69. ---Do you remember our pleasant journey to Xi'an?

---Of course. I remember everything ______ it happened yesterday.

A. as soon as B. even though

C. rather than D. as if

( )70. ______ you can't answer this question, we have to ask someone else for help.

A. Although B. While

C. Whether D. Since

-

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