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中考英语语法:三十五个经典句型帮你过英语写作关

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2011-05-12 13:16

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《三十五个经典句型帮你过英语写作关》由英语编辑整理,更多请访问:https://www.liuxue86.com/english/。本内容整理时间为05月12日,如有任何问题请联系我们。

三十五个经典句型帮你过英语写作关

一、妙招一通读全文知大意

Mr. Johnson had a factory. He once 1 on TV that animals could be taught to 2 some work for people if they were given 3 to eat. He loved the idea. He thought it would be 4 to have a dog look after his 5 and an elephant do some heavy jobs 6 his factory. He bought a dog 7 an elephant in the market and decided to teach them to do some work for him. Of course. he 8 bought a lot of food for them. Several months later,the dog and the elephant 9 fatter and fatter,but they 10 do any work for him. At last,Mr. Johnson had to give up.

1. A. saw B. asked C. met

2. A. make B.do C. 1et

3. A. someone B.nothing C. something

4. A. bad B. good C. 1ate

5. A. house B. shirt C. eyes

6. A. in B. above C. under

7. A. but B. or C. and

8. A. also B. never C. yet

9. A. smelt B. sounded C. became

10. A. mustn’t B. couldn’t C. shouldn’t

运用“跳读”或“边读边猜”等技巧把握中心大意。

短文的中心直接影响故事情节的发展,决定着各小题选项该如何确定。通过一到两遍的阅读,有些小题答案会在我们的脑海里浮现,比如2空填do,3空填something或food,5空填home或house或his factory,7空填and等等。

[注] 此时不要急于确定答案!

(Keys:1. A 2. B 3. C 4. B 5. A 6. A 7. C 8. A 9. C 10. B)

二、妙招二重视首句获信息

重视首句、突破首句。完形填空题所选用短文的第一句话通常是不设空的,目的是给同学们一个整体印象,同时提示短文的中心内容或提供故事发生的时间、地点、背景等。

At our school, we sometimes have a special day to help others. Last year we went to an old people’s 1 and sang songs and performed a play for 2 . The old people were very 3 . We should be allowed to take time to do things like that more often. For example, we should 4 primary schools and help 5 young students. I want to be a teacher 6 I’m older so it would be a great experience for me. Other students would like to do other jobs. For example, my friend Tian Ge wants to 7 for a newspaper. She should be allowed to volunteer at the newspaper office once a week.

1. A. home B. bank C. shop D. river

2. A. us B. them C. him D. her

3. A. great B. angry C. smart D. happy

4. A. buy B. have C. visit D. build

5. A. tell B. ask C. teach D. find

6. A. how B. when C. where D. why

7. A. write B. wait C. look D. pay

首句At our school, we sometimes have a special day to help others.有提纲挈领之效,简明扼要地提示我们,作者的学校有一个特殊的日子,那就是帮助别人献爱心的日子。有助于我们理解全文。甚至让我们毫不犹豫地确认1空应添单词home.

(Keys:1. A 2. B 3. D 4. C 5. C 6. B 7. A)

三、妙招三全面考虑定选项

整体理解短文、把握中心并根据文中线索(含体裁、时态变化线索、词汇线索、句法线索、社会文化线索、上下文线索等)由易到难地做出选择。

[注] 不要试图从头至尾地去解答完形填空题。有的选项内容在短文的其他地方有较为明确的提示,甚至原封不动地重现。

Shirley Yeats is certainly a very brave woman! At the age of sixty-seven, she 1 to take a trip round the coast(海岸) of Malaysia. Everything was fine 2 one day, as she was going back to her room on the 3 , she saw smoke coming out of another room. She 4 the captain from her room at once and told him about the fire. Then she went up on deck(甲板) to see 5 she could do to help. The fire spread(蔓延) very quickly and soon 6 was completely out of control. The captain decided to get all the passengers out as 7 as possible.

1. A. stopped B. usedC. had D. decided

2. A. since B. afterC. until D. before

3. A. way B. shipC. land D. road

4. A. phoned B. toldC. asked D. ordered

5. A. if B. howC. what D. where

6. A. she B. heC. that D. it

7. A. quickly B. muchC. well D. usually

1.由上下文可知她决定去旅游,decided to do sth.意为“决定做某事”。

2.根据下文可知直到火灾发生的那一天情况一切正常。

3.从下文的captain, deck,可确定她是乘船去旅游。

4.由下文的from her room可知她马上打电话将情况告诉了船长。

5.根据上下文可知她走上甲板去看看能不能帮忙做点儿什么。

6.由上文的The fire spread very quickly,可知大火无法控制了。

7. as quickly as意为“尽快地”

(Keys: 1. D 2. C 3. B 4. A 5. C6. D 7. A)

四、妙招四复读全文验答案

把填充后的短文反复阅读一两遍(甚至多遍),逐一检查、校对所选答案是否符合短文中心及上下文要求,并确保没有不符合语言规范、不符合语法规则的选项。

[注] 很多同学做完形填空题存在一个误区,把很多的时间放到四个选项的比较上,这会降低解题效率。正确做法应是:

顺藤摸瓜,首先是藤,你拿到文章之后要重点读第一句。

瞻前顾后,在文章空格的上下文处,你觉得这个地方需要什么词,带着这个目的到四个选项里找。

顾全大局,做一道题时应该在段落里面理解一句话。

认清细节,比如考固定搭配的题。

猜想试题

阅读下面短文,掌握大意,然后从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

My son Joey was born with club feet. The doctors said that with treatment he would be able to walk, but would never run very well. The first three years of his life was 1 in hospital. By the time he was eight, you wouldn’t know he has a problem when you saw him 2 .

Children in our neighborhood always ran around 3 their play, and Joey would jump

and ran and play, 4 . We never told him that he probably wouldn’t be 5 to run like the other children. So he didn’t know.

In 6 grade he decided to join the school running team. Every day he trained. He ran more than any of the others, 7 only the top seven runners would be chosen to run for the 8 . We didn’t tell him he probably would never make the team, so he didn’t know.

He ran four to five mile every day - even when he had a fever. I was 9 , so I went to 10 him after school. I found him running 11 . I asked him how he felt. “Okay,” he said. He has two more miles to go. Yet he looked straight ahead and kept 12 .

Two weeks later, the names of the team 13 were caked. Joey was number six on the list. Joey had 14 the team. He was in seventh grade - the other six team members were all eighth graders. We never told him he couldn’t do it … so he didn’t know. He just 15 it.

1. A. spent B. taken C. cost D. paid

2. A. talk B. sit C. study D. walk

3. A. after B. before C. during D. till

4. A. either B. too C. though D. yet

5. A. able B. sorry C. glad D. afraid

6. A. sixth B. seventh C. eighth D. ninth

7. A. so B. if C. then D. because

8. A. neighborhood B. familyC. school D. grade

9. A. excited B. tiredC. pleased D. worried

10. A. think about B. hear fromC. agree with D. look for

11. A. alone B. away C. almost D. already

12. A. riding B. walkingC. playing D. running

13. A. jumpers B. runnersC. doctors D. teachers

14. A. got B. kept C. made D. found

15. A. did B. had C. left D. took

(Keys:1. A 2. D 3. C 4. B 5. A 6. B 7. D 8. C 9. D 10. D 11. D 12. D 13. B 14. C 15. D)

《三十五个经典句型帮你过英语写作关》由英语编辑整理,更多请访问:https://www.liuxue86.com/english/

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