Carried out by Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, land reform served as a profound social revolution to uproot the exploitative feudal system. Land reform was also a basic mission of China’s democratic revolution. In total, there have been six land reforms. The first four, referred to as “land revolutions” happened before liberation and was aimed at achieving “individual ownership by those who work the land.” During the land reform that followed the founding of the People’s Republic of China, land was transferred to peasant ownership therefore for the first time eliminating feudal land ownership across the entire nation. The last land reform came in the form of the Household Contract Responsibility System in 1978.