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2011-05-22 20:54




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(1)a/an 的区分:

注意以“U”开头的单词。如果发字母u本身的音/ju:/,前面加a:a useful book, a university, a usual chair;如果发以外的音,前面加an:an unusual chair, an unimportant meeting, an unforgetable experience

(2) 球类运动和三餐饭前不加the

play football , play table tennis乐器前加the

play the violin,play the piano


(4)高难度竞赛题a“u”;an“h”;an “s”;an “x”

用汉语拼音给字母注音,如有声母,就用a,如 U—you;如没有声母,就用an,如H—ei qi,S—ai si,X—ai ke si

C. 连词

(1) 连词现象:

Although ,though 与but通常不连用because 与 so 不连用 if (如果)与then 不连用

(2) 就近一致连词

neither...nor , either...or ,not only...but also not...but...

(3) 连接句子与to do 形式

because +句子(有完整主谓结构)because of +介词宾语(名词等)

in order to do (in order not to do ) in order that +句子

so as to so as that +句子 so...that +句子

too...to do enough to do so good a book that +句子

such a good book that+句子 so good that+句子

(4) 重要联词的应用

unless(=if not)除非 or 否则(威胁,劝告) as if / as though (仿佛)

even if / even though (即使) not...until (直到...才)

D. 介词

(1) 介词+doing 介词+ 代词宾格形式 Neither of us is late.

The book is for you. The knife is used for cutting things.

Tom is sitting between him and me.(禁用“I”)

关联记忆:介意 Mind + doing

Would you mind my smoking here?

(2) on in at 的用法:

表时间:on(天优先,只要涉及天的概念就用on); in(时段); at (时刻)

on the morning of April 1st. on a rainy night 在一个雨天的夜晚

at the same time

(3) 表伴随:

with / without ,或doing She is a girl with long hair.

She is a girl wearing a new dress.

(4)表方式: by bike,on foot 没有冠词“a”或名词复数

What time is it by your watch? The boss pays us by week.

He beat her with a book.(with后要带a或复数)

speak in English Write in ink


at table 在桌旁,且在吃饭(两层意思)at the table 在桌旁,具体干什么不清楚

at school in the school

E. 名词

(1) 单复数特殊变化: 男、女、脚foot-feet、牙、鹅goose-geese、孩子

people(可数名词),sheep, deer(鹿) 单复数同形中、日不变;英、法a-e; 美、德该死(加S)Amercians,Germans

(2) 名词的复数重心转移:

This is an old pair of shoes. I want a new pair .

(3) 带性别的复合词组:

women(变) doctors(变)bus lines(只变最后一词)

F. 动词

(1)动词变化三大黄金法则:主谓一致 ,就近一致, 双动词关系



Our class are playing football now (与人有关的动作)

Our class is a small one (整体)


There be 句型Either or Neither...nor...

not only...but also.. Not only they but also I am wrong.


He said he had been there for an hour.

He said the sun is bigger than the moon.(自然规律自然现象用一般现在时态)

He said the moon is running around the earth.(错误,应改为一般现在时态)



The plane is taking off in an hour. The old man is dying.(将要死了)


I don't know if he will come tomorrow. If he comes, I will call you.

I will ring you as soon as I finish my work.

I won’t go out until my homework is done.


A—I will go swimming. B—If you go, so will I.



and 连接——动作先后或并列发生,前后形式一致

改为to do——动作未做,准备做 改为doing——动作正在做或已做

改为-ed 形式——后一动作被动发生

特例:* 使、让(make ,let, have)


make sb. do /make sb not do/be made to do let sb. do

* The teacher asked the students to stop talking and to listen to her.

* I have my carrepaired.(我请人修理了我的车。车被人修)

I have repaired my car.(我修理了我的车。现在完成时态)

I have him repair my car.(我让他修我的车。Have ab do sth)


be 动词 am, is, are, was, were

助动词(1)do, does, did—帮助行为动词做句型转换

(2)have, has, had

will, would, shall, should 帮助表时态

(3)can, may, must, need 帮助表情态

行为动词 like, cry, smile...等等(占99%) 行为动词的所有句型转换均需do家族三兄弟do、does或did帮忙


I don't have lunch at home. Neither do you.

(前后主语不一样,Neither do you主谓倒装)

I have been here an hour. So have you.

(前后主语不一样,Neither do you主谓倒装)

A —I bought a new book ,Tom. B —So you did.(I 和you 指同一个人,主谓不倒装)

(3) 初中重点动词短语


prefer doing to doing—prefer to do prefer to do rather thando

like ... better than... be used to doing (习惯于...)

used to do (过去通常) be used to do (被用来做...)

look forward to doing 盼望

make a contribution to doing 采取措施/为......做贡献


turn on, turn off, turn up, turn downtake off,land on

put on, wear, dress, wear out, in red eat up, sell out, put away, put off


spend... (in) doing sth spend on sth

pay... for... payment报酬,repay报答


It takes... to do cost cost价值

speak in English, say it in English,say a word

tell a story, talk about sth. talk with sb. talk to sb.

(4) 表事物特征常用一般现在时

The pen writes well. The music sounds nice.

The food tastes nice.

G. 形容词、副词

(1)比较 A=B

as 原形as / not as (so)... as...

A>B more...than...比较级标志词——than A< B less...than...


典型标志词:in ,of , among


The Changjiang River is the longest river in China.

The Changjiang River is longer than any other river in China.

The Changjiang River is longer than any river in India.

A≠B 用比较级解释句子

This food isn't so delicious as that food.

This food is less delicious than this food.

或That food is more delicious than this food.


much, a little, even, far He is much taller than Tom.



bad/ill : worse worst

much/many : more most

good/well : better best far : farther farthest

further furthest old : older oldest

elder eldest little :less least

(2) 后接形容词的动词

be 动词

感官动词:look taste smell feel sound

使和让: make let

变与不变: get go change turn keep remain

He looks tired

The food tastes nice so it sells well.

(3) 特殊句型:

比较级 and 比较级......“越来越......” more and more 越来越多

He is growing taller and taller.

The +比较级,the +比较级...“越......越......”

The sooner you come, the earlier we would arrive.

She can't be more beautiful!(她漂亮极了。)

I have never seen a more beautiful girl!

She can't help crying.(can’t help doing 忍不住)

She can't wait to open the box.(can’t wait to do 迫不及待)

H. 数词

分数 three sixths= 3/6 three and three is six 3+3=6

I want a few more.还要一点 once more. 再来一遍

two books more 再来两本书 a quarter =1/4 three quarters / three fourths = 3/4

200个 two hundred 几百个:hundreds of


介词/代词宾格形式 all of us,each of them

反身代词: help yourself to ..., Tom.

help yourselves to..., boys.

I study for myself.宾语与主语指向一致,用反身代词

物主代词: yours = your book Thank you = Thanks

* something nice something else

* another是an other 的缩写 others = other books

one... the other...

I have two books. One is old, the other is new.(总数为2 ,2-1=1 ,后面的数量为准确的1)

20... the others...

There are forty people in the room. Ten of them are

Young, the others are old.


some... others...

There are a lot of people in the room. Some are Young,

others are old. (总数不准确,后面的数量也为不准确)

* 不定代词作主语,谓语动词用第三人称单数

Is every one here? No, they aren’t.

some water一些水 someone 某个人

* some time sometime time 时间 some times sometimes times 次数 一些次数

某次 * a few few

——fewer——fewest a little little——less——least





a few books 有一些书 few books 没有书

a little water 一些水 little water 没有水

too much—— too many much too—— many too(错误书写)



两个都——both 两个都不——neither

两者中任何一个——either 三个都——all

三个都不——all 三者中任何一个——any

两者之间——between 三者之间——among

* 也

either , too,also,as well as

You like English,I like it,too.

You aren’t right, I’m not, either.

He can also swim.

He as well as you is late.


J. 其它


*动词+8w/8h + 主 + 谓(注意主谓不倒装)

正:He asked me where I had been the day before.

误:He asked me where


I been the day before.



学会道谢——别人帮了忙,要感谢;别人没帮上忙,也要感谢,如说“Thank you all the same”;受到别人的称赞,也要感谢。


学会表示祝福、欣赏和同情——别人干得好,要给与赞扬;别人开始干某事,要给与祝福;别人遇到不幸的事,要表示同情,如“I am sorry to hear that”。



there be句型——就近一致原则,与have表示“有”的区别。













二. 完型填空(先通读文章后填选项)


意。弄清全文何时、 何地、何人、何事四大要素之后才填选项。若考语法,则应用语法知识。


文中 so、 and、 but 等连词透漏出的答案信息。


三. 阅读理解(先看选项,再在原文找答案)

A、B两篇,不能失分 划出文章中的重点句子

C、D两篇,拔高篇 划出考题中的对应词




四. 解释句子. (力争10分拿到8-10分)


A类 初中重点句型的对应

(1) What do you think of ...?— How do you like...?

(2) What is it like ?—How is it ?

(3) Spend … doing sth

spend… onsth—cost — —take…todo——pay ...for …

(4) more than — not as... as

less than not so...as

(5) 最高级—比较级

(6) too ... to —enough to— so ... that not enough to

(7) so good a book — such a good book

(8) hear from — receive letters from

(9) be afraid of doing — be afraid to do

(10)It's time for sth—It's time to do sth.

(11)prefer doing to doing —prefer to do rather than do—like ... better than

(12)have a good time — enjoy oneself


To learn English is very important.


It is very important to learn English .

(14)What is wrong with you?

—What is the matter with you ?

(15)be busy doing sth. —be busy with sth.

(16)What a good book it is!—How good the book is!

(17)Why not go with us ?—Why don't you go with us?

(18)Hurry up, or you'll be late—If you don't hurry up, you'll...

(19)borrow from —lend to




(1) not...until

(2) both...and ....neither ...nor ... not only...but also...

(3) What to do —how to do it

I don't know what I should do.

I don't know what to do.

I don't know how to do it.

C类 句意解释

He is the same height as me.

He is as tall as me.

He founded the company

He is the founder of the company.



(2)表述句子: 先主谓后状语—I will go first


She is a girl with long hair.

The book on the desk is mine.

(3)必用句型: not only...but also..

more and more spend ...doing ...why not...prefer doing ...to doing ...



例文:Fathers’ Day

My father is not only my best friend but also my best teacher.

In my life, he is like the sun in my heart. When I get into

trouble, he will teach me how to become braver and stronger. At the same time, he always teaches me how to get on well with my classmates and help them. With his help,I have made a lot of friends in my school.

How proud I am !

Fathers’ Day is coming. I am going to send him a present.Thank you , Father, thank you for what you have done for me.

重要得分句型:not only…but alsois like 像,(打比方)

how todoget on well with

感叹句Thank you for what

六. 听力. (力争25分拿到22-25分)


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