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新概念英语第四册考点精讲之第2课

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  考生们一起来看看新概念英语第四册考点有哪些吧?出国留学网英语考试频道为大家整理提供“新概念英语第四册考点精讲之第2课”。祝考生们顺利通过英语考试!

  Lesson 2 Spare that spider 别伤害蜘蛛

  Why, you may wonder, should spiders be our friends ? Because they destroy so many insects, and insects include some of the greatest enemies of the human race. Insects would make it impossible for us to live in the world; they would devour all our crops and kill our flocks and herds, if it were not for the protection we get from insect-eating animals. We owe a lot to the birds and beasts who eat insects but all of them put together kill only a fraction of the number destroyed by spiders.(暂不提供全文)

  New words and expressions 生词短语

  flocks and herds 牛群和羊群

  /flCk/ the birds of the same feather flock together.物以类聚,人以群分

  you are the same flock.也可指人

  herd多指牛群cowherdcowboythrong and crowd swarm

  owe /[U/ vt.感激欠 i owe you.i owe you a big favor. 欠issue

  obligeindebt appreciate----常用口语词 正式:gratefulthankful

  beast /bi: st/ n 兽形容人野蛮无比,不能用animal 形容

  creature可以指小孩,女人,不用于男性.

  fraction / 'frAkF[n/ n.小部分 分数,小数 a fraction of rice will suffice

  on one's behalf 代表...利益

  I beat you on your behalf.我打你是为你好 on behalf of somebody /something

  e.g on behalf of chinese government on behalf of =represent

  authority /C:'WCriti/ n.权威authorize批准 authoritative权威性的 authoritarian独裁的

  -tarian带有这种词缀的词都是坏词 dictator独裁者dictatorial独裁的

  authorities 1.权威(可单数可复数) 2.当局(复数)

  census /sens[s/ n.统计数据the fifth national population census.censor审查

  censorious 挑剔的,挑刺的

  acre /'eik[/ n.英亩 1acre=4047square meters

  football pitch 足球场 football yardfootball court football field

  be content with 满足于 满足作表语,不能出现定语结构

  He is content with status quo.contented heart :心满意足的人

  spare /spZ[/ v. 不伤害,宽恕spare meHe doesn’t spare himself.

  I spare no efforts to learn english.( spare no efforts: 不遗余力作什么)

  Notes on the text 课文注释

  why, you may wonder-you may wonder why插入语 先不管插入语,弄清句子结构

  you may wonder why spiders should be our friends?插入语位置不固定

  why以疑问句 开头

  why,you may wonder,the problem of pollution befalls human beings.

  why,you may wonder,one of my friends is so kindhearted.

  destroy程度比damage要重得多,片甲不留,消灭光

  tear into pieces

  dear enemy

  greatest enemies:天敌dying enemycrying enemy

  human race:人的种族,一般不加复数,表示一个总称词

  impossible 和possible 永远不要以人开头

  It is impossible for somebody to do something.

  likely可以以人做主语。i am likely to go. probable 也不以人做主语

  they would表示假设

  devour狼吞虎咽devour the food

  make a cake of myself make a god of myself

  devour the book

  it虚拟语气 前面是主句,下面是条件句

  前面一般的加动词devour,后面用一般过去时

  If it were not for:如果这不是因为

  I would not survive if it were not for his timely help.

  but for 一定是虚拟语气 =if it were not for

  owe感激,欠 i owe you.

  引出主题all of them put together:把他们堆到一起

  destroyed 后置定语,重心转到 spider 谓语动词是kill

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