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英语英语教材 新概念英语第四册知识点精讲之第3课,英语教材

新概念英语第四册知识点精讲之第3课

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学校名称: 美国杜克大学(德汉姆) Duke University (Durham)
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  Lesson 3 Matterhorn man 马特霍恩山区人

  Modern alpinists try to climb mountains by a route which will give them good sport, and the more difficult it is, the more highly it is regarded. In the pioneering days, however, this was not the case at all. The early climbers were looking for the easiest way to the top because the summit was the prize they sought, especially if it had never been attained before. It is true that during their explorations they often faced difficulties and dangers of the most perilous nature, equipped in a manner which would make a modern climber shudder at the thought, but they did not go out of their way to court such excitement. They had a single aim, a solitary goal--the top!(暂不提供全文)

  New words and expressions 生词短语

  1、 alpinist(1.1)/'$lpinist/n.登山运动员

  词根:alp-

  climber mountaineer

  Alps(1.16)/$lps/ n.阿尔卑斯山脉 Alpine(1.9)/$lpain/adj.阿尔卑斯山的

  2、 attain(1.4)/+'tein/ v.到达

  to get to

  to arrive at/in

  to attain one’s goal=realize

  attain youth 永葆青春

  to attain the top/peak/summit 达到顶点

  attainment (n) attainments 成就 accomplishment

  3、perilous(1.5)/'peril+s/adj.危险的 peril

  (随时可能出现的)危险

  avalanche 雪崩

  4、shudder (1.5)/'M)d+/ v.不寒而栗

  shudder:quick and sudden

  tremble:long and very obvious

  5、 go out of one’s way

  专门 by the way 顺路 too much for me 受不起

  6、 court (multiple meanings 多义词)

  朝廷朝臣 courtier

  courteous 彬彬有礼的

  法庭

  娱乐场 足球场 soccer/football court 高尔夫球场 golf court

  追求

  招致骄兵必败 pride courts failure

  sol-独

  solo 独唱

  独奏

  7、 solitary(1.6)/'s&lrt+ri/adj.唯一的

  solitude 孤独

  I live in solitude.=I live a lonely life.

  8、 pioneer(1.2)/?pai+'n+/ v.开辟,倡导;n.先锋,开辟者

  9、 impoverish(11.9-10)/$m'p&v+rM/v.使贫困

  poor(口语词)

  complete

  罗素名言:A great many man will cheerfully face inpoverishment if they can secure

  ruin for their rival,hence present level of taxation.

  许多人会高兴的面对贫困,如果他们能使对手落魄,因此出现了现在的税收水平。

  10、coarse(1.12)/k&:s/adj.粗劣的

  coarse throat 嗓子哑

  sore throat

  coarse fare

  嗓子发炎

  粗粮

  refined fair 细粮

  coarse and refined

  in a coarse manner 粗暴无礼

  用法:以人作主语,夸耀;以物作主语,拥有

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