Unit 21-22, SBⅡ
1.get through 通过,接通
2.tear down 拆毁
3.ask for 向……要
4.help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做……
5.thanks for 感谢……
7.express one's thoughts and opinions 表达某人的思想和意见
8. communicate with与……交际
9.learn about 打听……
10.spoken language 口语
11. make a circle 成一圈
12.from culture to culture 从一种文化到另一种文化
13. index finger 食指
14.shake one's head 摇头
15.be used to do 被用来做……
16.go straight down the road
17.be based on
18.an amusement parks
19.make great achievements
20.fly a helicopter
21.a conservation center
22.be divided into
23.be like stepping into the world of
24.go on exciting rides
26.It seems that
27.feel like doing
28.in outer space
29.scream one's way
30.a limit to sth
32.for the first time
35.thrills and entertainment
例1: They can express their satisfaction with the product. 他们可能会对该产品表示满意。
例2: Try to express your idea clearly. 尽量把你的思想表达清楚。
1) express oneself 表达自己的意思(思想或感情)
例如:He expressed himself in good English. 他用流利的英语表达自己的思想。
2) an express train快车
例如:They agreed later to communicate with each other by letter.
例如:He communicated the news to all the members. 他将消息通知了全体成员。
例1: We must vary our methods of work. 我们必须改变我们的工作方法。
例2: It is necessary for us to vary our plan sometimes. 有时候变更我们的计划是必要的。
例: Opinions vary on that point. 就那个观点,意见有分歧。
differ from 与……不同
例如:Chinese differs greatly from English in pronunciation. 汉语发音跟英语大不相同。
例1: What does this word mean? 这个词是什么意思?
例2: Can you tell me what he means? 你告诉我他是什么意思吗?
例1: What he said meant that he would give up the plan. 他的话意味着他将放弃这个计划。
例2: I always mean what I said. 我说话总是算数的。
例3: Missing the bus means waiting for another ten minutes. 错过车意味着再等十分钟。
1) meaning n. 意义;意图
例如:I'm afraid that I don't understand your meaning. 恐怕我不明白你的意思。
2) meaningful adj. 有意义的
例如:This story is meaningful. 这个故事有意义。
3) meanwhile adv. 同时
例:Tom was cutting grass meanwhile Peter was planting roses.
4) mean to do / mean doing
mean to do表示打算做某事(相当于plan / intend to do sth.), mean doing表示意味着做某事……。
例1: I didn't mean to hurt him. 我并不打算伤害他。
例2:Scolding him means insulting him. 骂他就是侮辱他。
例1:I apologized for my fault. 我为自己的过失而道歉。
make an apology to sb. 向某人道歉
例如:I made an apology to him, for I broke his glass. 我向他表示道歉,因为我打碎了他的杯子。
例如:You are crazy to do such a thing. 你干这样的事真蠢。
例如:The boy is crazy about skating. 那孩子溜冰着了迷。
例如:Dogs like to chase rabbits. 狗喜欢追赶兔子
例如:The children all chased after the procession. 孩子们都跑去跟在游行队伍的后面。
例1:Who's the comrade you just shook hands with?
例2: Shaking one's head means disagreement. 摇头意味着不同意。
【用法二】 v. 发抖
例1:She was shaking with fear when she saw a snake. 她看见蛇吓得发抖。
例2:The old man's hands shook constantly. 老人的手一直颤抖不停。
例1:Don't touch the glass. 别碰玻璃杯。
例2:Can you touch the top of the door? 你能碰到门顶吗?
例1:The sad story touched me. 那个悲惨的故事感动了我。
例2:I was touched by her kindness. 我被他的善良所感动。
例1:I gave the doll a touch. 我摸了一下那个洋娃娃。
例2:The model broke at a touch. 模型一碰就碎了。
1) get in touch with 和……聚得联系
2) keep in touch with 和……保持联系
3) lose touch with 与……失去联系
4) out of touch 够不着
5) sense of touch 触觉
例1:He rubbed the glass with a cloth. 他用布擦玻璃杯。
例2:He rubbed his hands with the soap. 他在双手上擦肥皂。
11. get through
例1:I can't get through. 我打不通电话。
例2: He got through his English exam. 他通过了英语考试。
1) get along with 与……相处
例如:I can't get along with him. 我不能同他相处。
2) get-together n. 联欢会;聚会
例:We won't have our big family get-together until Christmas. 到圣诞节我们才举行盛大的家庭聚会。
3) get together 联欢;聚会
例如:We must get together some other time for a chat. 我们得另找时间聚一聚。
12. tear down
例:The angry crowd tore down the flag and burnt it. 愤怒的群众把旗帜扯下来烧了。
1) tear off 赶紧脱掉
例如:He tore off his coat as he ran. 他一边跑一边急急地脱掉外套。
2) tear up 撕毁
例如:He tore up the letter angrily. 他愤努地把信撕掉。
13. ask for 向……要……
例1:The beggar asked me for money. 乞丐向我要钱。
例2: We didn't know what to do, so we went to ask for help. 我们不知道做什么,所以去找人求助。
ask about 打听……
例如:The students are asking about the examination. 学生们正在打听考试的情况。
Take/seize an opportunity to do sth./ of doing sth.
例如: you should seize the opportunity of going to college.
I took a good opportunity to give my opinion on it.我抓住一次好机会,提出对此事的看法.
15. risk v. 冒…险,risk doing sth.冒…的危险
They would not allow him to risk going across the enemy line.
Run/take the risk of sth. /doing sth.
He took the risk of being killed to save the little boy他冒死救了这孩子.
At all risks/at any risk不顾一切,无论如何
I'll see her at all risks today我今天无论如何也要见到她.
16. entertain vt.
entertain sb. to sth. 请某人吃
Entertain friends to dinner, please.
entertain sb. with sth. 以…招待某人
We were all entertained by his tricks.
We should entertain a firm belief 我们应该怀有一个坚定的信念
We will give a farewell entertainment to our friends.
This is a serious novel , not an entertainment.该影片是根据D.H 劳伦斯的小说改编的。
17.more than (数量)超过,……以上
More than one house was burnt down in the fire.
more than + 名词 意为 "不只是"
more than +形容词或副词 译为"很,非常"
more than +含有can的从句可译为"不"
例1:He was more than pleased.他非常高兴。
例2:The cold was more than the children could bear.寒冷是孩子们所不能忍受的。
18. have fun 玩乐
The children were having a lot of fun with the building blocks.孩子们玩积木玩得很开心。
for fun 为了高兴,为了好玩
make fun of 取笑
I did it just for fun我这样做只是为了好玩
例1:Seeing is believing.
例2:It is no use crying.
例1:I like singing.
例2:Have you finished doing your homework?
特别提醒:以下动词后只接v-ing形式作宾语。finish(完成),mind(介意),avoid(避免),fancy(想象),suggest (建议),consider(考虑),keep (持续)等。
例1:My job is teaching.
例2:Her hobby is collecting stamps.
例1:This is my grandfather's walking stick.
例2:The sleeping car is comfortable to sleep in.