[误] He went to America to take part in the Olympic Game.?
[正] He went to America to take part in the Olympic Games.?
[析] game作为"运动会"讲时应用其复数形式,而具体一个游戏则可用其单数形式。如:Our school team won the game.?
[误] They are Germen.?
[正] They are Germans.?
[误] She comes from German.?
[正] She comes from Germany.?
[误] All the students and teachers are gathered together now.?
[正] All the students and teachers are gathered now.?
[析] 用了动词gather就不要再用together了。这句话还可以这样讲:All the students and teachers got together.?
[误] She gives up to look for the lost bike.?
[正] She gives up looking for the lost bike.?
[析] give up意为"放弃",其后只接动名词作介词宾语,而不应接不定式。
[误] His parents were very glad for his success in business.?
[正] His parents were very glad of his success in business.?
[正] His parents were very glad to know his success in business.?
[析] "为……感到高兴"应是be glad of something或be glad to do something.?
[误] The old teacher has two pair of big glass.?
[正] The old teacher has two pairs of big glasses.?
[析] glass作为"眼镜"讲,应用复数形式,在英语中手套gloves 裤子pants,剪刀scissors均用复数形式。glass作"玻璃杯"讲时则可用单数形式或复数形式,如:I want two glasses of milk. 而作为物质名词"玻璃"讲则要用作不可数名词,如:The boy broke two panes of glass.?
[误] -Mary, could you come to my home now??-Yes, I'm going. ?
[正] -Mary, could you come to my home now??
-Yes, I'm coming. ?
[析] go是指离开说话人所在地,而come指的是朝向说话人的方向:如:Come here!Can I come and help you?但在口语中也有一些例外,如表示要参加到某人或者某件活动时常用come, 如:We are going to have a party tonight. Would you like to come with us??
gone been ?
He has gone to Shanghai. 指此人已去上海不在此地了。?
He has been to Shanghai. 指此人去过上海现已回来了。?
[误] She brushed her gold hair carefully.?
[正] She brushed her golden hair carefully.?
[析] gold作形容词指"金质的",如:a gold ring, a gold coin,而golden是"金色的",如:golden age(金色的时代),但"金鱼"例外,为gold fish。
[误] I've been waiting for good twenty minutes.?
[正] I've been waiting for a good twenty minutes.?
[析] a good之意为"足足"、"整整"之意。?
good well ?
He is good. 应译为"他是个好人。"而He is well. 应译为"他身体不错。"I feel good. 即精神状态良好,而I feel well.即身体状况不错。?
[误] This food is very good to you.?
[正] This food is very good for you.?
[析] be good for是"对……有利、有好处",而be good to是指"对待某人不错",如:Your friend is very good to me.?
[误] -What grade are you in??-I'm in grade 1. ?
[正] -What grade are you in??-I'm in Gread 1. ?