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中考英语复习:09年中考英语总复习四重要句型

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2011-05-13 03:54

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《09年中考英语总复习四重要句型》由留学英语组编辑整理(www.liuxue86.com)。本内容整理时间为05月12日,如有任何问题请联系我们。

09届中考英语总复习四重要句型

重要句型

1.There be 结构

a.这是英语中常见的一种结构,表示"某地有某物"其含义为"存在有"。

eg.There are twenty girls in our class.have也解释为"有"但是与there be有区别,它的含义是"所有,属有",其主语为某人。eg.I have a nice watch.

b.There be 结构中的be动词要和后面所跟名词保持一致。

c.There is a river near our school.否:There is not a river near our school.

问:Is there a river near our school.回答:Yes, there is. No, there isn't.

划⑴How many rivers are there near our school? ⑵What's near our school?

d.there be 结构的一般将来时,同学们较难掌握,其正确形式为:there is going to be

e.反意疑问句的构成:There is no water in the glass, is there?

①There is going to _____ a football match this afternoon. A.have B.watch C.be D.play

②They were sure that they were going to ____ a rest. A.be B.have C.be on D.on

2.so,neither引导的倒装句,为了避免和前一句话的内容重复,英语中习惯用so,neither引导的倒装句。

a.So+be(助动词,情态动词)+主语。表示某人也是如此。

eg.Mike has bought some foreign stamps. So has Bob.=Bob has bought some,too.

b.Neither+be(助动词,情态动词)+主语,表示某人也不。

eg.Mother has never been to Japan. Neither has Father.=Father has never been to Japan, either.

c.So+主语+be(助动词,情态动词)。表示果真如此(赞同), 请同学们与a.区别。

eg.A:Mike is right in the classroom. B:So he is.=He is really in the class room.

3.It's+时间+since动词过去式。自从...起已有...时间了。

⑴It's two weeks since we met last.(自从我们上次见面已有两个星期了)

⑵How long is it since we left Beijing?(自从我们离开北京已有多久了

4.祈使句+and (那么)...eg.Go straight on and you'll see a school.=If you go straight on, you'll see a school. 5.祈使句+or...否则...eg.Work hard, or you will fall behind the other students. =If you don't work hard, you'll fall behind the other

6. The+比较级...,the+比较级... 越...越...

eg.⑴The more, the better. 越多越好。

⑵The harder you work on it, the better you'll be at it.(你越用功,你就越好。)

7.How do you like the film? =What do you think of the film? (你认为这部电影怎样?)

8.What...do with...?怎样对付...?怎样处理...?

虽然中文为怎样,我们绝不可照字面翻译为how.

eg.A:What have you done with the library book? B:I've just returned it to the library.

9.I don't know what to do.我不知道该怎么办? I don't know how to do. ×

10.What...be like?...是什么样的?

eg.⑴What's the weather like? 天气如何?⑵What's your school like? 你们学校是什么样的?

11.What...for?为何目的?为什么?eg.What do you want a science lab for?=Why do you want a science lab?

12.one of +最高级+复数 最...之一eg.Miss Zhao is one of the most popular teachers.

13.find it +形容词+to do eg.I find it useful to learn English well. (我发觉学好英语是很有用的)

find +宾语 +名词eg.I find him a good boy. (我发现他是个好男孩.)

find +宾语 +形容词

eg.I find the door open/closed. (我发现门开/关着) I find our bags filled with/full of presents. (我发现我们的包装满了礼物)

14.I don't think+肯定句 我想...不 eg.I don't think I'll take it. (我想我不买它了)

请注意:中文意思否定在从句中,但是英语的表达否定在主句中。

15.prefer A to B=like A better than B 更喜欢A不怎么喜欢B.

eg. I prefer fish to chicken.= I like fish better than chicken

16.had better do sth.最好干某事.否定:had better not do sth.

特别注意:had better后面跟be动词词组,不可漏掉be.eg.You'd better catch a train.

You'd better not talk in class.You'd better not be late for the class.

17.It is good (nice)of+宾格+to do sth.

eg.It is very good of you to teach me English. (你教我英语真是太好了)

18.It takes sb. some time to do sth.(干某事化费某人多少时间)

=sb.spend some time on sth. (in) doing sth.eg.It took me half an hour to do the work.

=I spent half anhourin doing the work.

19.sb.pay 钱 for 物 某物化费了某人多少钱=sb.spend 钱 on 物 =物 cost sb.钱 , pay的过去式为paid 而不是payed. eg.I paid thirty yuan for the coat. =I spent thirty yuan on the coat.

=The coat cost me thirty yuan. 20.have been to 某人曾去过某地,现在人不在那儿

sb.have been in +地点 某人呆在某地(一段时间) have gone to 某人已去某地,人不在这儿

21.⑴ too…形容词(副词)+to…"太…而不能" "太…以致于不"

eg.①The basket is too heavy for me to carry. 这篮子太重我拿不动。 ②This colour TV is too expensive for us to buy. 这台彩电对我们来说太贵了,买不起。

⑵so...that 如此...以致于...上面的too...to结构的句子,可以换成so...that 引导的句子转换。①The basket is so heavy that I can't carry it. ②This colour TV is so expensive that we can't afford it.

22.What's the population of ...? ...人口有多少? 不说How much population in...?形容人口数量的大用large eg.The population of China is ten times as large as that of the USA

23.I've come to return your pan. (我跑来是还你锅的) →Why have you come? 而不用What

24.not...until (连词)方才,才

eg.He says that he won't be free until tomorrow.他说他需到明天方才有空。 肯定句+until 到

eg.You'd better wait until tomorrow. (你最好等到明天)

25.neither...nor... 既不...也不... either...or... 或者...或者...

eg.Neither Tom nor his brothers know how to spell the word "hundred".

Either you or she is right. (谓语动词就近原则)

both...and... 两者都... eg.Both Jim and I are in Grade One (主语看作复数)

练习题:

1.-Where is Mary? -Oh, she _____ the librory.

A.has gone to B.went to C.has been to D.had gone to

2.He knew little about the film ____ he saw it yesterday evening.

A.if B.since C.until D.because

3.I____ change his mind. Don't worry, He'll surely come to get it.

A.think he won't B.think he will C.don't think he won't D.don't think he will

4.- _____do you_____ the TV play? - Not bad, I think.

A.How;think of B.What;like C.How;like D.What;think

5. I _____ have a good time _____ the party.

A.hope you will;at B.like you; on C.hope you to ;in D.want you that; from

完成句子:

1.中国有多少人口,中国的人口大约是世界人口的四分之一。 _____ the population of China?

It's about _____ ______ of the world's population.

2.门铃一直响着,直到门被林涛打开才停。

The doorbell ______ _____until the door was opened by Lin Tao.

3.午饭后他休息了一会儿,我也休息了一会儿。

He had a short rest after lunch, and ______ ______ I.

4.史密斯夫妇离开他们的家乡已有十多年时间了。

______ more than ten years ____ Mr and Mrs Smith left their home town.

5.公共汽车里挤得几乎连站的地方都没有.

The bus was_____ crowded that there was hardly ______ standing room in it.

思考题:

1、做饭花了她半个小时。 It ___ ____ half an hour ___ ___ some cooking.

=I ______ half an hour _______ some cooking.

2、你真好,经常在数学上帮助我。 It's really nice _____ you to ____ me _____ my ______.

3、Lily跑得不快,赢不了比赛。

Lily ______ run quickly _____ ______ _____ the race.=Lily ____ ____ ___ ___ ____the race.

4、在美术课上做一张教师节卡片怎样?

_____ ____ _____ a Teachers' Day card ____ the art lesson?

5、足球是我校最受欢迎的运动项目之一。

Football is ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ games in our school.

Have 的两种特殊句型

have是英语中最活跃的动词之一,它与不同的词搭配表示不同的意思。如:have a meeting(开会),have a rest(休息),have a class(上课)等。你可知道have构成的两种特殊句型吗?不看不知道,一看就明了。

1.have+宾语+省略to的动词不定式

该句型中作主语的"人或物"让作宾语的"人或物"去做某事。此时的宾语与省略to的不定式(宾语补足语)之间有逻辑上的主谓关系。如:I would have you buy a new bike. 我想让你买辆新自行车。We can't have the car stop. 我们无法让汽车停下来。

2.have+宾语+过去分词

该句型中作主语的"人或物"让作宾语的"人或物"被……。此时的宾语与过去分词(宾语补足语)之间有逻辑上的动宾关系。如: I'll have my hair cut tomorrow.

我明天要理发。They have just had their car repaired.他们刚找人把车修理了一下。

注意:大多数情况下,这两种句型之间可以互换。如:

1)He had me wash the table cloth.→He had the table cloth washed.

2) The man had the bike mended.→ The man had someone mend the bike.

练习:根据汉语意思,完成英语句子,每空一词。

1.你应该找人建一座房子。

You should have someone_____a house. You should have a house_____.

2.现在我们请下一位演讲者到前面来。 Now we'll have the next speaker_____to the front.

3.你必须让人把这些书送到教室去。

You must have these books_____ to the classroom

《09年中考英语总复习四重要句型》由留学英语组编辑整理(www.liuxue86.com)

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