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小学英语语法:小升初英语基本语法与练习三 形容词、副词

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2011-05-13 01:32

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《小升初英语基本语法与练习三 形容词、副词》由留学liuxue86.com编辑整理。本内容整理时间为05月12日,如有任何问题请联系我们。

知识要点

1)英语中大多数形容词、副词是可以分等级的,一般有三个等级:原级,比较级和最高级。形容词、副词的本来形式就是形容词的原级。如:John is a tall boy.两者间进行比较用到形容词比较级。如:Jim is taller than John.三者或者三者以上进行比较用形容词的最高级。Mike is the tallest of the three boys.(形容词最高级前面要加定冠词the)

2).形容词、副词比较级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化

规则变化

①单音节或双音节的形容词(或副词)比较级+er最高级+est small-smaller-smallest等

②以e结尾的词,比较级+r,最高级+st即可nice-nicer-nicest

③以辅音字母+y结尾的,变y为i+er或est easy-easier-easiest

④双写最后一个辅音字母+er或est hot-hotter-hottest

⑥一些双音节及多音节形容词或副词前要加more和most,如:

difficult---more difficult---most difficult

不规则变化:

good/well-better-best,bad-worse-worst many/much-more-most little-less-least

far-further -furthest(表示程度) far-farther-farthest(表示远近) old-older-oldest(表新旧) old-elder-eldest(表兄弟姊妹之间的长幼)

3).比较级前的修饰词:a little, a lot, much, even; far; still

4)形容词、副词比较级的特殊用法

①形容词/副词比较级+than+ any other+单数名词(+介词短语)"表示"比同一范围的任何一个人/物都……",含义是"最……"。

例如,Mike gets to school earlier than any other student in his class.

= Mike gets to school earlier than any of the other students in his class. = Mike gets to school earlier than the other students in his class. = Mike gets to school earliest in his class.注意:Mike gets to school earlier than any student in Tom's class.

②"the+形容词比较级+of the two+……"表示"...是两者中较…的"。

如,Look at the two boys. My brother is the taller of the two.

③"比较级+and+比较级"表示"越来越……"。He is getting taller and taller.

④"the+比较级,the+比较级"表示"越…,越…,"。The more careful you are,the fewer mistakes you'll make

5).最高级常用句型结构

①"主语+be+ the+形容词最高级+单数名词+in/of短语"表示"……是……中最……的"。

如,Tom is the tallest in his class./of all the students.

②"主语+be+ one of the+形容词最高级+复数名词+in/of短语"表示"…是……中最……之一"。

如,Beijing is one of the largest cities in China.

③序数词+最高级

Hainan Island is the second largest island in China.

练习:

I.写出所给词的反义词。

1.young________ 6.better___________

2. white________ 7. longer__________

3. big__________ 8. thinner_________

4. left_________ 9. far_____________

5.fast_________ 10. light__________

II. 用所给词的正确形式填空。

1. Maria is ________(thin). Lucy is __________(thin) than Mary.

2. Mike is ____________________(heavy) boy in his class.

3. Tom is as_________ ( tall) as Jim.

4. I am much _________( well) than yesterday.

5. This skirt is ___________________( expensive) of the three.

6. The weather today is ___________(hot) than it was yesterday.

7). Lucy writes __________________(careful) than her brother.

8)Today is ___________(busy) day this week.

9)That is ___ (easy ) of all.

10). He is ____ (clever ) boy in the class.

11). John is _____ ( short ) than Tom.

12). This box is ____ ( heavy ) than that one.

III、根据所给汉语完成句子

1. _____ ____exercise you take, _____ _____ (你锻炼越多就会越强壮) you will be.

2. Who jumped _______ (最远) of all in the long jump?

3. Lucy says she will write to you back ____ ____ ____ ______(尽可能快地)。

4. There are ____ ______ ______ (如此多的人) that we can't see each other.

5.-_____ _____ _____ (何时何地) shall we meet?

-Let's meet outside the school gate tomorrow afternoon.

IV、单项选择

( )1. -Tom is the ____ one I want to work with. He is always complaining.

- Be more patient. He is still a good boy.

A. best B. last C. first D. only

( )2. We want to go to Japan to have a ____ study.

A. farther B. farthest C. further D. furthest

( )3. The meeting hall is ____ to hold 5000 people.

A. large enough B. enough large C. so large D. too large

( )4. When spring comes, the trees get ____.

A. green and green B. green and greener

C. greener and green D. greener and greener

( )5. My _____ brother is three years ____ than I .

A. old; older B. elder ; older C. older; elder D. old; elder

( )6. He's ____ to hear the bad news.

A. sorry B. bad C. happy D. well

( )7. The snow is over one meter ____ when it's winter here.

A. long B. high C. thick D. this

( )8. This book is _____ worth seeing again.

A. very B. quite C. well D. much

( )9. My sister sat ____ to me to listen to the story.

A. close B. closely C. nearby D. with

( )10. The sports car is running ____, It seems to be flying.

A. fast and fast B. more and fast C. more and faster D. faster and faster

( )11. You run ____ for us to catch up with you.

A . too fast B. so fast C. too slowly D. so slowly

( )12. Don't look _____ the window? We're having a class.

A. out of B out from C. down of D. out.

( )13. This year our school is ____ than it was last year.

A. much more beautiful B. much beautiful

C. the most beautiful D. beautiful

( )14. _____ the ground is, ____ air becomes.

A. The high; the thin B. The highest; the thinnest

C. The higher; the thiner D. The higher; the thinner

( )15. John is ____ of the two boys.

A. tall B. tallest C. the tallest. D. the taller.

( )16. -Why does Peter like moon cakes with nuts instead of the ones with eggs?

-Because he thinks the moon cakes with nuts are ____.

A. cheap B. dear C. worse D. nicer

( )17. She is ____ than I

A. a head taller B. a taller head C. taller a head D. head taller

( )18. Paris is one of _____ cities in the world.

A. more beautifully B. more beautiful C. the most beautifully D. the most beautiful

( )19. Shanghai is the first _____ city in China.

A. big B. biggest C. the big D. the biggest

( )20. -Mr Zhou, of all the students in our group, who lives ___?

-I think Li Lei does.

A. far B. farther C. farthest D. the farther

( )21. Bob never does his homework _____ Mary, he makes lots of mistakes.

A. so careful as B. as carefully as C. carefully as D. as careful as.

( )22. My sister is good at sports, She can jump ____ than me.

A. highest B. very high C. too high D. much higher

( )23.The Yellow River is one of ___ in China.

A. the longest rivers B. the longer river C. the longest river D. the long river

( )24.I don't feel ___ to go to work today. I'm ill.

A. good enough B. well enough C. enough well D. enough good

( )25.Be quiet, class! I have ___ to tell you.

A. important anything B. important something C. anything important

D. something important

V、同义句转换

1. Math is the most difficult of all the subjects.

Math is ____ difficult than _____ other subject.

Math is _____ difficult than _____ other subjects.

2. Joe isn't as tall as Lucy..

Joe is _____ than Lucy.

3. Kate is 10 years old. Tom is 12 years old.

Kate is ____ _____ _____ _____ Tom.

Tom is ____ ______ _____ _____ Kate.

4.The bag is too expensive for me to buy.

The bag is _____ _____ ______for me to buy.

《小升初英语基本语法与练习三 形容词、副词》由留学liuxue86.com编辑整理

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