Dear editor (编辑),
Can't your newspaper do something about the custom (习惯) of hitchhiking?
A short time ago, on a car travel I counted at least 50 people standing beside the road, asking for rides. Many of them were young women.
Don't they understand how dangerous it is to get into the car driven by a stranger? How much do they know about the driver? Is he a good driver or not? Nothing!
Many of these young hitchhikers may come from good families. Don't their parents teach them anything about the world? I always taught my children not to talk to strangers. I never let them take rides from people they didn't know.
Isn't there enough crime (犯罪) today without asking for trouble by hitchhiking? On the other hand, hitchhiking may bring some traffic trouble.
Don't you think what I said is true?
A Worried Grandfather
6. The word "hitchhiking" means ________.
A. waiting for a bus at the bus stop
B. driving in a dangerous way
C. going on a long way by getting free rides in other people's car
D. asking a stranger the ways in a car
7. The Worried Grandfather ________.
A. doesn't like young women to drive cars
B. thinks it is dangerous for a young woman to get into a stranger's car
C. likes drivers to be careful and strict in their work
D. never lets his children get into other people's car
8. The Worried Grandfather ________.
A. was hit by a car when he was standing by the road
B. is a good driver and often gives free rides to strangers
C. is in trouble now and he wants to get some help from the newspaper
D. has seen much of the world and he is very careful
9. The Worried Grandfather wrote the letter to tell ________.
A. the newspaper to let its readers know the danger of hitchhiking
B. young women never to go on a long travel alone
C. young people to listen to their parents at home
D. his children not to talk to strangers on the road
10. What do you think a good editor is going to do after he receives the letter?
A. He will either return the letter to the old man or give it to the police station.
B. He will write back to the Worried Grandfather and tell him not to hitchhike any more.
C. He will write or ask someone to write something about the danger of hitchhiking in the newspaper.
D. He will hold a meeting to tell the drivers to make the traffic
P23----C For several years, Americans have enjoyed telescoping - watching TV and buying things by phone. Now telescoping is starting in Europe (欧洲)). In a number of European countries, people can turn on their TVs and shop for clothes, jewelry, food, toys, and many other things.
Telescoping is becoming popular in Sweden, for example. The biggest Swedish company sells different kinds of things on TV in 15 European countries, and in one year it made $100 million. In France there are two telescoping channels, and the French spend about $ 20 million a year to buy things through those channels.
In Germany, until last year telescoping was only possible on one channel for 1 hour every day. Then the government allowed (允许) more telescoping. Other channels can open for telebusiness, including (包括) the largest American telescoping company and a 24-hour telescoping company. German businesses are hoping this new telescoping will help them sell more things.
Some people like telescoping because it allows them to do their shopping without leaving their homes. With all the problems of traffics in the cities, this is an important reason. But at the same time, other Europeans do not like this new way of shopping. They call telescope "junk (垃圾) on the air". Many Europeans usually worry about the quality (质量) of the things of sale on TV. Good quality is important to them, and they believe they cannot be sure about the quality of the things on TV.
The need for high quality means that European telescoping companies will have to be different from the American companies. They will have to be more careful about the quality of the things they sell. They will also have to work harder to sell things that the buyers cannot touch or see in person.
11. Telescoping is ________ in Europe.
A. not popular B. growing
C. not possible D. cheap
12. People like telescoping because it is ________.
A. American B. cheaper
C reasier D. more popular
13. Some Europeans don't like telescoping because they ________.
A. don't like to buy things
B. don't watch TV
C. believe the things sold on TV are expensive
D. think the things sold on TV are bad quality
14. In Germany, telescoping may ________.
A. help businessmen get more money
B. keep the shops open longer
C. have fewer buyers
D. bring better TV programmers
15. The best title of this passage is ________.
A. American Telescoping B. Telescoping Companies
C. Telescoping in Europe D. Telescoping - Jock on the Air
When Sam was a boy at school, his favourite lesson was art. As soon as he left school, he worked as a bookseller in a bookshop, but three times a week he went to evening classes in art, and when he had time, he liked to paint (v. 绘画; n. 油画颜料).
He painted in a very modern way. His pictures were hard to understand, such as (例如) women with three red eyes, large blank areas (空白的地区), and something like that.
After a few months he thought, "Perhaps I can sell some of my pictures and get enough money and become a real artist (画家). Then I can travel around as much as I like, and go to foreign museums, and see other artists' paintings, and study in other countries when I feel like it. I don't like life in a bookshop. I only enjoy painting."
One day in the bookshop, Sam met a man who owned a picture shop, and after talking with him, Sam asked him to his home to see some of his work. "Then perhaps you could tell me whether I can really be a good artist and get some money from my painting," Sam said hopefully.
The man said he would love to come and see what he thought of Sam' s work, so he arrived one evening at Sam's home. Sam started to show him some of his pictures.
The man looked at them one after the other while Sam watched his face, but it seemed that the man was not interested in them.
Then, when he had finished, he looked around, and his glance (眼光) fell on something else. A happy look came over his face for the first time, and he said, "Now I like this one very much! It's so full of deep feeling! I'm sure I could sell this one for you!"
"That," said Sam, "is the place where I clean the paint off my brushes."
5. What did Sam do? He was ________.
A. a bookseller B. an artist
C. an art teacher D. a shop owner
6. Why were his picture hard to understand? Because he didn't paint things
A. as other artists did B. as they really were
C. that were colourful D. that were common
7. Why did he want to sell some of his pictures?
A. he wanted to travel around the world
B. he only wanted to get a lot of money
C. he wanted to study in other countries
D. he wanted to be an artist all the time
8. Which of the following is right?
A. Sam was good at painting
B. Sam was very happy at last
C. The man didn't like any of Sam's pictures
D. The man didn't know art at all
Let children learn to judge (判断) their own work. When children learn to speak, other people do not correct (纠正) their mistakes all the time. If we correct too much, they will stop speaking. Let themselves understand the difference between the language they speak and the language other people around them speak. Day after day, they will make some changes to make their language like other people's language. In the same way, children can learn to do many other things without others' help. For example, to walk, run, climb, and ride a bike-make themselves understand how they should do it. Slowly they can make some changes they need.
But in school we never let a child himself find out his mistakes and correel them for himself. We usually think he never knows his mistakes if we do not tell him or he never corrects them if we do not make him do it. We should try to let him find out the answers to the problems, and the good ways of working them out with the help of other children if he wants.
Can teachers give the students answer books if they do maths problems? Let them correct their homework all by themselves. When the students tell their teachers that they can't find the ways to get the right answers, the teachers should help them. Let the students know what they must learn, how to judge their own understanding (理解力), how to know what they know or what they do not know. These are the most important.
8. The text tells us that the children should learn things by (通过) ________.
A. listening to other people
B. doing what other people do
C. making mistakes and then correcting them
D. asking other people many questions
9. Which of the following is right? The teachers ________.
A. never give the students answers
B. don't let the students make mistakes
C. don't always correct the students' mistakes when they make mistakes
D. only give the students the answers when they do problems
10. The writer thinks the teachers in school should ________.
A. let the students help each other
B. teach the students less good ways
C. correct more of their homework
D. teach the students more book knowledge
11. This text shows that learning to speak is ________.
A. different from learning other things
B. a very important thing
C. more important than learning other things
D. just like learning other things