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高考英语语法:高中英语语法-高一英语Unit 18考点透视与点拨

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2011-05-22 20:57

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《高中英语语法-高一英语Unit 18考点透视与点拨》由出国留学网liuxue86.com编辑整理。本内容整理时间为05月12日,如有任何问题请联系我们。

高一英语Unit 18考点透视与点拨

1. New Zealand has a mild sea climate,while the north is subtropical. (Reading)

[考点1] climate此处意为“气候”,既可作可数名词,又可作不可数名词。它还有“有某种天气情况的地区”之意。

[考例] For the sake of her daughter’s health,she decided to move to a warm ______.(上海2002春)

A. weather B. temperature

C. season D. climate

[点拨] 选D.句意为“为了女儿的健康,她决定搬到暖和的地方去”。此处climate为上述的第二个释义。 weather意为“天气”,是不可数名词;temperature意为“气温,温度,体温”,不符合句意;season意为“季节”,不能和move搭配。

[考点2] 句中while表示对比,意为“而,当……却……”。

[考例] I do every single bit of housework ______ my husband Bob just does the dishes now and then. (NMET 2004 III)

A. since B. while C. when D. as

[点拨] 选B.前后两个分句构成对比关系,故用while.

2. The North Island is famous for an area of hot springs,some of which throw hot water high into the air. (Reading)

New Zealand has a population of about 3.8 million people,of which about fourteen percent are Maori.(Integrating Skills)

[考点] of which引导的是非限制性定语从句。在定语从句中,基于意义上的需要,可以在some,any,several,many,most,all,both,neither,none,half,one等词和形容词比较级、最高级之后接of whom或of which.

[考例1] The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year,80% ______ are sold abroad. (辽宁 2004)

A. of which B. which of

C. of them D. of that

[考例2] There are altogether eleven books on the shelf,______ five are mine. (NMET 2004 IV)

A. on which B. in which

C. of which D. from which

[考例3] There are two buildings,______ stands nearly a hundred feet high. (湖北 2004)

A. the larger B. the larger of them

C. the larger one that D. the larger of which

[点拨] 考例1选A; 考例2选C; 考例3选D.

3. It is a good thing that New Zealand helps the Maori to keep their own language and culture. (Language Study)

[考点] 句中it是形式主语,真正的主语是that引导的从句。

[考例1] In fact ______ is a hard job for the police to keep order in an important football match.(上海2001)

A. this B. that C. there D. it

[考例2] The Foreign Minister said,“______ our hope that the two sides will work towards peace.”(北京 2004)

A. This is B. There is

C. That is D. It is

[点拨]考例1和考例2均选D.当句子的主语是动词不定式或从句时,通常把it用作形式主语放在句首而把真正的主语不定式或从句放在后面。

4. Some farmers have turned to keeping deer ……(Integrating Skills)

[考点] turn to是固定短语,此处意为“开始干,转向”,to是介词,其后接名词或动词?鄄ing形式。turn to还有“找(某人寻求帮助等);查阅(某书),求助于”之意。

[考例] In the dark street,there wasn’t a single person ______ she could turn for help. (MET 1992)

A. that B. who C. from whom D. to whom

[点拨] 选D.此处主要考查对固定短语turn to sb. for help的识别。原句可还原为there wasn’t a single person whom she could turn to for help.此处为介词to提前,构成“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句。关系代词whom指代先行词a single person,在从句中作宾语。

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