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2011-05-22 18:48




【 liuxue86.com - 英语词汇 】




Joan Chen is famous both in China, where she grew up, and in the United States,where she now lives. How did Joan become a famous actress in two countries? It’s an interesting story.

Joan Chen was born in Shanghai in 1961. When she was 14, some people from a film studio (制片厂) came to her school and chose her to study at the studio. She was happy about this chance, but mainly she liked the idea of getting out of school. Soon, however she discovered that she really liked acting. At age 18, she won the Golden Rooster, China's top film prize.

In the late 1970s, Joan's parents, who were doctors, moved to the United States. Joan joined them when she was 20 and went to college there. Her parents hoped she would study medicine. In-stead, she majored in film and later looked for work as an actress. To work in the United States, Joan had to start all over again. She told Hollywood that she was an actress in China, but she only got some small parts in TV shows.

One day Joan went to speak to a director who was making a movie called Tai - pan. The interview didn't go well. As she walked away, a man in a car noticed her. The man was Dino DeLaurntiis, the film’s producer. He immediately offered her a leading part. A year later, she started in Bernardo Bertolucci’s The Last Emperor and was on her way to worldwide fame.

56.What was turn about Joan Chen when she was 14?

A . Some people came to her school and chose her as an actress.

B. She liked to study at the studio just because she wanted to be famous.

C. The most important reason for her going to the studio was that she wouldn't like to stay at school.

D. She found she. was fond of acting even before she was 14.

57 When did she move to the States?

A. In the late 1970s. B. After she graduated from college.

C. In the late 1980s. D. In the early 1980s

58.The interview with a director ____.

A. made her on the way to being famous in the world

B. led to no immediate good result

C. made her play a leading part in Tai - pan

D. gave her a chance to act in The Last Emperor


A child who has once been pleased with a tale likes, as a rule, to have it retold in almost the same words, but this should not lead parents to treat printed fairy stories as formal texts. It is always much better to tell a story than read it out of a book, and, if a parent can produce what, in the actual situation of the time and the child, is an improvement on the printed text, so much the better.

A charge made against fairy tales is that they harm the child by frightening him or making him sad thinking. To prove the latter, one would have to show in a controlled experiment that children who have read fairy stories were more often sorry for cruelty than those who had not. As to fears, there are, I think, some cases of children being dangerously terrified by some fairy story. Often, however, this arises (出现) from the child having heard the story once. Familiarity with the story by repetition turns the pain of fear into the pleasure of a fear faced and mastered.

There are also people who object to fairy stories on the grounds that they are not objectively true, that giants, witches, two - headed dragons, magic carpets, etc. do not exist; and that, instead of being fond of the strange side in fairy tales, the child should be taught to learn the reality by studying history. I find such people, I must say so peculiar (奇怪的) that I do not know how to argue with them. If their case were sound, the world should be full of mad men attempting to fly from New York to Philadelphia on a stick or covering a telephone with kisses in the belief that it was their beloved girl -friend.

No fairy story ever declared to be a description of the real world and no clever child has ever believed that it was.

59.The author considers that a fairy story is more effective when it is ____ .

A . repeated without any change B. treated as a joke

C. made some changes by the parent D. set in the present

60.According to the passage, great fear can take place in a child when the story is ____ .

A. in a realistic setting B. heard for the first time

C. repeated too often D. told in a different way

61.The advantage claimed (提出) for repeating fairy stories to young children is that it ____.

A. makes them less fearful

B. develops their power of memory

C. makes them believe there is nothing to be afraid of

D. encourages them not to have strange beliefs

62.The author’s mention of sticks and telephones is meant to suggest that ______.

A. fairy stories are still being made up

B. there is some misunderstanding about fairy tales

C. people try to modernize old fairy stories

D. there is more concern for children's fears nowadays

63. One of the reasons why some people are not in favor of fairy tales is that _______.

A. they are full of imagination

B. they just make up the stories which are far from the truth

C. they are not interesting

D. they make teachers of history difficult to teach


With the possible exception of equal rights, perhaps the most heated argument across the United States today is the death penalty (死刑). Many argue that it is an effective deterrent (威慑) to murder, while others think there is no enough proof that the death penalty reduces the number of murders.

The argument advanced by those opposed (反对) to the death penalty is that it is cruel and inhuman punishment, that it is tile mark of a bad society and finally that it is of questionable effectiveness as a deterrent to crime (罪行) anyway.

In our opinion, the death penalty is a necessary action. Throughout recorded history there have always been those peculiar persons in every society who made terrible crimes such as murder. But some are more dangerous than others.

For example, it is one thing to take the life of another in time of blind anger, but quite another to coldly plan and carry out the murder of one or more people in the style of a butcher. Thus, murder, like all other crimes, is a matter of different degree. While it could be argued with some reason that the criminal in the first instance should be merely kept from society, such should not be the fate of the latter type murderer.

The value of the death penalty as a deterrent to crime may be open to discussion. But the majority of people believe that the death penalty protects them. Their belief is proved by the fact that the death penalty prevents murder. For example, from 1954 to 1963, when the death penalty was carried out from time to time in California, the murder rate remained between three and four murders for each 100, 000 population. Since 1964 the death penalty has been done only once, and the muder rate has risen to10.4 murders for each 100, 000 population. The sharp climb in the state's murder rate, which began when killings stopped, does not happen by chance. It certainly shows that the death penalty does deter many murderers. If the law about death penalty is vetoed (否决), some people will be murdered- some whose lives may have been saved if the death penalty were in effect. This is really a life or death matter. The lives of thousands of people must be protected.

64.The main purpose of this passage is to _____.

A. speak for the majority B. support a veto

C. speak ill of the government D. argue for the value of the death penalty

65.Which of the following is among the heated arguments across the USA besides death penalty?

A. Air pollution. B. The war against Iraq.

C. Equal rights. D. Election of president.

66.The numbers in the last paragraph show that ______.

A. if they stick to death penalty, the number of murders will be reduced

B. death penalty almost stopped from 1954 to 1963

C. the population of California has risen

D. death penalty is of little value

67.It can be inferred that the writer thinks that ______.

A. the death penalty is the most important problem in the United States today

B. the second type of murderers (in Paragraph 4) should be sentenced to death

C. the veto of the law about death penalty is of little importance

D. the value of the death penalty as a deterrent to crime is not to be discussed


Technology has been an encouragement of historical change. It acted as such a force in England beginning in the eighteenth century, and across the entire Western World in the nineteenth. Rapid advances were made in the use of scientific findings in the manufacture (制造) of goods, which has changed ideas about work. One of the first changes was that other forms of energy have taken the place of human power. Along with this came the increased use of machines to manufacture products in less time. People also developed machines that could produce the same parts for a product: each nail was exactly like every other nail, meaning that each nail could be changed for every other nail. This means that goods could be mass production, although mass production required breaking production down into smaller and smaller tasks.

Once this was (lone, workers no longer started on the product and labored to complete it. Instead, they might work only one thousandth of it, other workers completing their own parts in certain order. There is nothing strange about this manufacturing work by today's standards. Highly skilled workers were unable to compare with the new production techniques, as mass production allowed goods of high standard to be produced in greater number than could ever be done by hand. But the skilled worker wasn't the only loser, the common workers lost too. Similar changes forced farmer away. The increased mechanization (机械化) of agriculture freed masses of workers from ploughing the land and harvesting its crops. They had little choice but to stream toward the rapidly developing industrial centers. Increasingly, standards were set by machines. Workers no longer owned their own tools, their skill was no longer valued, and pride in their work was no longer possible. Workers fed, looked after and repaired the machines that could work faster than humans at greatly reduced cost.

68. In this passage, which of the following is NOT considered as a change caused by the use of scientific findings in the production of goods?

A. Other forms of energy have taken the place of human power.

B. The increased exploitation of workers in the 19th century.

C. The increased use of machines to make products in less time.

D. The use of machines producing parts of the same standard.

69. The underlined word this in the first paragraph refers to ____

A. the use of scientific findings

B. the practice of producing the same parts for a product

C. the human power being replaced by other forms of energy

D. the technology becoming the encouragement of historical change

70.The underlined word this in the second paragraph refers to the change that ______

A. each nail could be taken the place of by every other nail

B. each nail was exactly like every other nail

C. producing tasks became smaller and smaller

D. goods could be mass produced

71.According to the writer, highly skilled workers ______

A. completely disappeared with the coming of the factory system

B. were dismissed by the boss

C. were unable to produce goods of high standard

D. were unable to produce fine goods at that same speed as machines

72.According to the passage, what did the farmers have to do with the coming of mechanization of agriculture?

A. Many of them had to leave their farmland for industrial centers.

B. They stuck to their farm work.

C. They refused to use machines.

D They did their best to learn how to use the machines.


Wind is the great maker of waves. There are exceptions, such as the tidal (潮汐的) waves sometimes produced by earthquakes under the sea. But the waves most of us know are produced by winds blowing over the sea .

Now before constructing an imaginary life history of a typical wave, we need to know certain

physical things about it. A wave has height, from trough ( low point) to crest ( high Point) . It has lengh-the distance from this crest to that of the following wave. The period of the wave means the time it takes for succeeding crests to pass a fixed point. None of these things stays the same--for all depend upon the wind, upon the depth of the water and many other matters.

The water that makes up a wave does not advance with it across the sea. Each drop of water turns around in a little circle with the passing of the wave, but returns very nearly to its original position. And it is fortunate that this is so. For if the huge masses of water that make up a wave actually moved across the sea, sailing would be impossible.

If we want to find the speed of a wave, we may use the following way :

Speed = wavelength × frequency

Here, wavelength is the distance between two high points (crests) , frequency means the number of cycles per second

73.What causes waves?

A. Earthquakes and nothing else. B. Only wind.

C. Wind causes most waves. D. Wind causes some waves.

74.Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A. The water of a wave moves away across the sea.

B. The water of a wave remains almost at the same place.

C. The water of a wave goes with the passing of the wave.

D. The length of a wave means the distance from the top of a wave to the bottom.

75.The speed of Wave 1 is 100 cm/s, frequency 10. The frequency of Wave 2 is 300, while its speed is twice that of Wave 1. Which of the following is right?

A . The wavelengths of the two are equal.

B. The wavelength of Wave 1 is 10 times longer than that of Wave 2.

C. The wavelength of Wave 2 is longer than that of Wave 1.

D. The wavelength of Wave 1 is longer than that of Wave 2.



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