How are you?
b.Fine，thank you.And you?
Very well，thank you.
a.This is Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms…/These are…and they are…
b.How do you do?
Nice/Glad to see/meet you.
c.My name is…I'm a student/worker etc.
a.I think it's time for us to leave now./I'm afraid I must go now.
See you later/tomorrow.（See you.）
[注]晚上见面时，只能说Good evening，睡觉前要用Good night来告别。
4.打电话Making telephone calls
a.Hello! May I speak to…？
He/She isn't here right now/at the moment.
Can I take a message for you?
c.I called to tell/ask you…
5.感谢和应答Thanks and responses
a.Thank you（very much）。
Thanks a lot.
b.That's very nice of you.
It's very kind of you to say so/do it.
Thank you all the same.
c.Not at all.
That's all right./It's my pleasure.
You're welcome./That's OK.
6.祝愿、祝贺和应答Good wishes，congratulations and responses
Best wishes to you.
Have a nice/good time.
Happy birthday to you.
[注]回答对方只是对自己某一方面时，用“Thank you.”而共有的节日要用“The same to you.”
c.Happy New Year!
d.The same to you.
I'm going to…
I'd like to…
I want/hope to…
8.道歉和应答Apologies and responses
I'm sorry for/about…
b.That's all right.
It doesn't matter.
9.遗憾和同情Regrets and sympathy
What a pity!
I'm sorry to hear that.
10.邀请和应答Invitations and responses
a.Will you come to…？
Would you like to…？
b.Yes.I'd love to…
Yes.It's very kind/nice of you.
c.I'd love to.But…
11.提供帮助和应答Offers and responses
a.Can I help you？/May I help you?
What can I do for you?
Here，take this/my…/Here you are.
Let me…for you.
Would you like some…？
b.Thanks.That would be nice/fine.
Thank you for your help./Thank you for helping me.
That's very kind of you，but…
12.请求允许和应答Asking for permission and responses
Of course（you may）。
That's OK/all right.
You'd better not.
13.表示同意和不同意Expressing agreement and disagreement
Yes，I think so.
That's a good idea.
I agree（with you）。
b.No，I don't think so.
I'm afraid not.
I really can't agree with you.
You may be right.
14.表示肯定和不肯定Expressing certainty and uncertainty
b.I'm not sure.
I'm not sure whether/if…
15.喜好和厌恶Likes and dislikes
a.I like/love…（very much）
I like/love to…
b.I don't like（to）…
16.谈论天气Talking about the weather
a.What's the weather like today?
How's the weather in…？
It's rather warm/cold/hot etc.today，isn't it?
a.What can I do for you？May/Can I help you?
b.I want/I'd like…/Let me have…kilo/box…
How much is it?
That's too much/expensive，I'm afraid.
That's fine.I'll take it.
c.How many/much do you want?
What color/size/kind/do you want?
d.Do you have any other kind/size/colour?
18.问路和应答Asking the way and responses
a.Excuse me，which is the way to…？
Excuse me，can you tell me the way to…？
How can I get to…？I don't know the way.
b.Go down this street.
Turn right/left at the first/second crossing.
It's about…metres from here.