[误] Every of them has his habit.?
[正] Each of them has his habit.?
[误] The manager comes to America almost each month.?
[正] The manager comes to America almost every month.?
[析] each与every都作形容词讲时,都有"每个"之意,但有不同。each多指个体,而every则多指整体。如:We want every student to succeed. each不同来表达总体概念,所以不能与almost, nearly, likely等词连用。?
[误] We each has a book.?
[正] We each have a book.?
[析] each 作同位语时,其数应与其同位的名词相同,而each作主语时则应取其单数形式。 ?
each other one another ?
each other与one another这两个词组的区别在很多语法书中强调each other是两者之间,而one another是多者之间,其实不然,如:All students must care for each other, must love and help each other. 事实上这两个词组是同义的,如果要讲有什么区别的话,当我们非常笼统地谈,而不特指什么人时,多用one another.?
[误] Could you come here more early??
[正] Could you come here earlier??
[析] 单音节和少数双音节副词的比较级和最高级要用?er和?est来作其结尾,如fast, soon, early, hard, long, near等。?
[误] What on the earth do you mean??
[正] What on earth do you mean??
[析] on earth这一词组在句中为的是加强语气,其意为"究竟"、"到底"。而作为"地球"讲时则要加定冠词,如:How far is the earth from the moon. 而作为"泥土"讲时则为不可数名词,如:He filled the pot with earth and wanted to plant some flowers.?
[误] You can easy imagine my surprise.?
[正] You can easily imagine my surprise.?
[析] easy只在有限的词组中被用作副词,如take it easy (不要紧张),go easy, stand easy等。 例如:Easy come, easy go. (钱来的容易花的也快. )Easier said than done. (说的容易做着难。) ?
[误] Japan is on the east of China.?
[正] Japan is to the east of China.?
[析] 在讲述地理位置时,有3个介词常用,它们是in, on和to, 其中in表示处于所表达的范围之内,如:Shanghai is in the east of China. on则表示双方接壤,如:North Korea is on the northeast of China. 而表示互不相接的两部分时则用to, 如:Taiwan is to the east of Fujian.?
[误] -I don't like opera.
?-I don't like too. ?
[正] -I don't like opera.
?-I don't like either. ?
[误] Either you or I are right.?
[正] Either you or I am right.?
[析] 这在语法书中被称作就近原则,即哪个主语离谓语动词近,则应采用与哪个主语相一致的谓语动词,相同用法的还有neither…nor…,not only…but also…,以及or在连接两个主语时。如:You or he is to go home. The others will have to stay in the classroom.?
[误] My older brother has gone to Shanghai.?
[正] My elder brother has gone to Shanghai.?
[析] 在表示兄姐的长幼时应用elder表示"哥哥姐姐",如:my elder sister 姐姐,但表示岁数时则多用older,如:She is two years older than I.?
[误] Are these seats empty??
[正] Are these seats taken??
[析] empty是指空洞的没有任何物体,如:The house was empty, 其意思是没有任何家具或屋内无人。但座位是否有人坐应用take.?
[误] My sister studied English language very well.?
[正] My sister studied the English language very well.?
[正] My sister studied English very well.?
[析] 在泛指某一种学科时,不应加冠词,如:I like history.但如特指某一门学科时则应加冠词,如:He likes the history of America.?
[误] I enjoy to play football.?
[正] I enjoy playing football.?
[误] Did you enjoy at the English evening??
[正] Did you enjoy yourself at the English evening??
[误] I'm sorry. You are not studying enough carefully.?
[正] I'm sorry. You are not studying carefully enough.?
[误] Do you have enough of money??
[正] Do you have enough money??
[正] Do you have enough of the money??
[误] The coffee isn't enough.?
[正] There isn't enough coffee.?
[析] enough可以作be动词的表语,但其主语应是代词,如:That's enough. It was ?enough.? 如果是名词时应换用上面的句型。?
[误] The entrance of the cinema is on your right.?
[正] The entrance to the cinema is on your right.?
[析] 在表示通往某处时entrance后面多用to作介词。这样的用法还有key to the door, answer to the question等。?
[误] I walked home in a cold evening.?
[正] I walked home on a cold evening.?
[析] in the evening这一词组如加上另外的修饰词则其介词应换为on.?
[误] Everyone of you goes to class.?
[正] Every one of you goes to class.?
[析] everyone其后不能接of结构。在否定句中如果要讲"每一个人都没有注意到它",就译作:Nobody noticed it. 要注意Every one of us is not right. 应译为"我们不都对。"而None of us are right. 才应译为"我们全错了。"?
[误] We take part in an exam.?
[正] We take an exam.?
[析] take part in为"参加"某种活动,运动,而在学科中选择某一学科学习并进行考试应用take.?
[误] The room is clean except two desks.?
[正] The room is clean except for two desks.?
[误] I come here every day except for Sunday.?
[正] I come here every day except Sunday.?
[析] 在同一类物体中排除某一部分用except, 在不同类物体中排除某一物体时用except for。而except that其后接从句,如:She is a good girl except that she is careless sometimes. ?而besides则是"包括在内",如"我学习英语同时还学法语。"应译为:I study English besides French.?
[误] The students exercise spoken English in the morning.?
[正] The students practise spoken English in the morning.?
[误] Everyone should do exercises every day.?
[正] Everyone should do exercise every day.?
[析] 作为运动讲exercise是不可数名词,而当"练习"、"体操"、"早操"则是可数名词,例如:I do a lot exercises in the P.E. class.?