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2017年12月英语四级翻译题预测:春节

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2017-10-09 22:29

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  2017年12月英语四级翻译题预测:春节

  【春节1】

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  春节是中国最重要的节日,也是大家所熟悉的中国新年。对于中国人来说,这个节日的重要性如同圣诞节对于西方人。 具体的节庆日期是由农历(lunar calendar)而不是由公历(Gregorian calendar)决定的。所以,春节的节庆日期一般在元月下旬与二月上旬之间。新年的准备活动自腊月底(农历年底)开始,人们忙于扫尘,还清债务,理发,置新衣。人们也会在家中或到庙里烧香(burn incense)祭祖,祈求老天爷保佑平安。

  参考译文:

  The most important holiday in China is the Spring Festival, which is also known as the Chinese New Year. To the Chinese people it is as important as Christmas to the westerners. The date for this annual celebration is determined by the lunar calendar rather than the Gregorian calendar, so the timing of the holiday varies form late January to early February. Preparations for the New Year begin on the final days of the last lunar month when most families clean their homes, pay their debts, have their hair cut and buy new clothes. People also burn incense at home or in the temples to pay respect to their ancestors and to pray to the God for a happy life in the coming year.

  【春节2】

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  春节

  春节是中国最重要,也是最热闹的古老节日之一。春节象征着团结、兴旺以及对未来寄予新的希望。据记载,中国人过春节已有四千多年的历史。中同是个多民族的国家,各民族(nationality)过春节的形式各有不同。但是无论在中国的哪个地方,人们都会在春节期间全家团圆,吃年糕(New Year cake),饺子以及各种丰盛的饭菜。人们张灯结彩,燃放鞭炮,并互相祝福。

  参考翻译:

  The Spring Festival

  In China, the Spring Festival is one of the mostsignificant and lively ancient festivals, whichsymbolizes unity, prosperity and new hopes for thefuture. It is recorded that the custom of celebratingthe Spring Festival has lasted for more than 4,000 years. As a multi-ethnic country, differentnationalities in China have various ways of celebrating the Spring Festival. However, wherever inChina, people will have a family reunion during the festival, eating New Year cakes, dumplingsand various hearty meals, decorating the houses with lanterns and festoons, setting offfirecrackers and blessing each others.

  【春节3】

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  春节

  春节庆祝活动是一年中最重要的庆祝活动。中国人庆祝春节的方式可能略微不同,但其愿望几乎是相同的,他们希望其家人和朋友来年健康和幸运。春节庆祝活动通常持续15天。庆祝活动包括春节的年夜饭,放鞭炮,给儿童压岁钱,春节钟声和春节问候。大多数中国人将在春节的第7天停止庆祝活动,因为全国性节假通常在这一天结束,但在公共场所的庆祝活动可能最终持续到正月十五。

  参考翻译:

  The Spring Festival

  Chinese New Year Celebration is the most important celebration of the year. Chinese people may celebrate the Chinese New Year in slightly different ways but their wishes are almost the same; they want their family members and friends to be healthy and lucky during next year.Chinese New Year Celebration usually lasts for 15 days. Celebratory activities include Chinese New Feast, firecrackers, giving lucky money to children, the New Year bell ringing and Chinese New Year Greetings. Most of Chinese people will stop the celebrating in their home on the 7th day of New Year because the national holiday usually ends around that day, however celebrations in public areas can last until the 15th day of New Year.

  【春节4】

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  春节

  春节是中国人一年中的第一个传统佳节。过去,春节被称为“新年”,因为按照中国一直沿用的农历,这天是正月初一,为新一年的开头。据记载,中国人民过春节已有4000多年的历史,它是由虞舜兴起的。公元前两千多年的一天,舜即天子位,带领着部下人员,祭拜天地。从此,人们就把这一天当作岁首,算是正月初一。据说这就是农历新年的由来,后来叫春节。1911年辛亥革命后,中国采用公历纪年,农历新年便改称“春节”。

  参考翻译:

  The Spring Festival

  Spring Festival is the first traditional festival for the Chinese people. In the past years, Spring Festival was called “new year”, for this day was the first day of the lunar month according to the lunar calendar which had long been used in China, so it was the beginning of a new year. It is recorded that Chinese people have celebrated Spring Festival for more than 4000 years, which was started by Yu Shun. One day as far back as 2000 B.C, Shun was inaugurated as the emperor. He led his men to hold a ceremony in honor of Heaven and Earth. From then on, people saw that day as the beginning of the year, i.e. the first day of the lunar month. This is said to be the origin of the lunar new year, which was called Spring Festival later. After the Revolution of 1911, China began to number the years according to the Gregorian calendar, and it was then that the lunar new year began to be called Spring Festival.

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