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英语双语阅读之高效学习英语的方法

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  英语双语阅读之高效学习英语的方法

  I'm often asked how to study English effectively. I think this means getting the most out of your study time, and that means variety. Here are some basic ideas for success to help you as you study English.

  常有人问我如何高效地学英语(精品课),我想就是要让学习时间得到充分地利用,如何利用却是因人而异的。下面是一些方法帮你成功地学习英语。

  Study Every Day

  每天学习

  It's important to study English every day. However, don't exaggerate! Study for thirty minutes every day instead of two hours once a week. This habit of studying English every day will help keep English in your brain fresh.

  每天学英语很重要。但是,也别过了头!每天学半个小时,而不要一周学一次,一次学两小时。每天学英语的习惯会让英语在你的头脑中保持新鲜。

  A Little Grammar, A Little Listening, A Little Reading, and A little Writing

  学一点语法、一点听力、一点阅读、一点写作

  Next, make sure to study a number of areas rather than focusing on just one topic. Study a little grammar, then do a short listening exercise, then perhaps read an article on the same topic. Don't do too much, twenty minutes on three different types of exercises is plenty!

  接下来,确保学习不同的类别,不要仅仅专注于一类。学一会儿语法,然后做一小段听力练习,接着再读一篇相关话题的文章。别学太多,花20分钟在三种不同的练习上就够了!

  Review Grammar as Your Watch or Read

  边看边复习语法

  Give yourself one grammar goal when reading a new article or watching a new video. For example, try to write down each example of a form you are studying such as the present perfect. Use highlighters (colored pens) with texts to highlight forms that you are studying.

  看书或者看视频的时候给自己设定一个语法学习目标。比如,列出你正在学的语法知识的全部形式,如现在完成时。用荧光笔(彩笔)在你读的书上做标出这些形式。

  Use Different Learning Methods

  用不同的学习方法

  Don't just use one way to study English. Use a variety of methods which will help all the parts of your brain help you. For example, if you are learning new vocabulary, create a word map, describe a picture, make a list and study that. All of these methods together help to reinforce your learning.

  不要只用一种方法学英语。用多种方法学习会调动大脑的各部分助你学习。比如,如果你在学新单词,画一张词汇图、描述一幅图、列个清单然后开始学习。这些方法都会巩固你的学习。

  Find Some Friends

  找同伴

  You can practice the exercises together, have conversations together (in English!), and, as you study English together, help each other with exercises you may not understand.

  你们可以一起做练习,一起聊天(当然要用英语!)。你们一起学的时候可以互相帮助,解决练习中的疑惑。

  ChooseTopics that Interest You

  找个感兴趣的话题

  One of the most important things to do is to study English using topics that you like. This will help motivate you because you will also be learning about a topic you find interesting while you study English.

  学习英语最重要的一点就是用你喜欢的话题。这会激励你,因为你在学英语的同时,也学习了你所感兴趣的话题。

  Warming-up to Study English

  学英语前要热身

  Just as there are exercises to help you warm up before you play some basketball or other sport, there are exercises which can help you warm up to study English. Here are some simple exercises to help you warm up.

  就像打篮球或做其他运动前要热身一样,学英语前也要热身。下面就是一些热身活动。

  Activating Your Vocabulary

  激活词汇

  Activate your vocabulary by thinking or speaking briefly about the subject you are about to work on. For example, if you are going to study English on topics that focuses on vacations, take a moment to think about your last vacation, what you did, what you enjoyed, etc. This simple exercise will help your brain warm-up to vocabulary that you are likely to encounter as you study English about this particular subject.

  通过思考或简要叙述你要学习的话题来激活词汇。例如,如果你要学习有关假日的话题,花时间想一想你在上一次假日中做了什么,享受到了什么等等。这样简单的锻炼会激活你的大脑来学习你在某个特定话题中将遇到的词汇。

  Activating Your Grammar

  激活语法

  Activate your grammar by thinking about the general grammar area before you begin to study. For example, if you are going to study English grammar focusing on the past, stop to think about what you did last weekend, where you went, etc. to help activate what you already understand about using the past. As with activating vocabulary, you'll help your brain bring up what it knows about the past simple in an easy way before you begin to focus on studying English grammar in detail.

  在开始学习前想一想该语法的基本知识来激活语法。例如,如果你要学习与过去时的相关语法,就想一想你上周做了什么、去了哪里等等,以此来帮你激活你已知的过去时语法知识。就像 激活词汇一样,这样就让大脑在详细学习语法前就能用简单的方式记起所知的过去时知识。

  Singing a Song

  唱首歌

  Before class begins, sing a song in English to yourself. Make sure to use a song that you understand and know very well. This short and fun exercise will help your brain focus on the English language in a relaxing manner.

  课前,唱首英文歌给自己听。确保你唱的歌是自己熟悉的。这个耗时少且有趣的锻炼能让大脑以放松的方式专注于英语。

  Typing a Short Paragraph in English

  打一小段英语

  You can type about your day, your hobbies, your friends, etc. Typing helps activate the kinetic part of your brain that helps improve learning through physical activity. I also recommend typing while you study your English grammar. This will help solidify your knowledge with movement.

  你可以打字记录你的一天、你的爱好、你的朋友,等等。打字能帮你调动大脑的运动区,这样可以帮你通过动手来学习。我也建议一边打字一边学语法,这能通过动作帮你巩固知识。

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