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VOA慢速英语:美国天然气价格跌至2004年来最低水平

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2015-12-02 10:51

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【 liuxue86.com - 英语听力 】

  Gas prices are displayed at a service station in Leonia, N.J., Tuesday, Nov. 24, 2015. With Thanksgiving gas prices falling, the number of travelers is expected to rise, with one traffic-tracking firm predicting delays could be noticeably longer than last year. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig)

  2015年11月24日星期二新泽西李奥尼亚加油站的油价被公开展示。随着感恩节油价下跌,游客数量预计上涨,交通跟踪公司预计的延迟会更长,和往年相比。

  Gasoline prices in the United States are nearing their lowest since 2004.

  While most of the world sells gas by the liter, the United States sells gas by the gallon. Either way, most of the world pays much more for gas and fuel than the U.S.

  The average price in the U.S. was $2.06 per gallon for unleaded regular, according to the American Automobile Association (AAA).

  That is about 54 cents per liter.

  The average price dropped another penny over the Thanksgiving holiday to 53 cents per liter. That is according to GasBuddy.com, a service that reports on U.S. gas prices.

  That would be 21 cents per liter less than a year ago, and 34 cents cheaper per liter than in 2013, GasBuddy says.

  Because nearly 90 percent of Americans will travel by car over the winter holidays, the savings will add up.

  The average cost to fill a car in the United States last week was $28.84. That compares to $45.92 in 2013, for a savings of around $20.

  The lowest prices were in Indiana, South Carolina, Alabama, Missouri, Texas and Mississippi, AAA said. All five states have average prices of 49 cents per liter or less. visit the website www.chinavoa.com to get more information!

  The highest prices were in states west of the U.S. Rockies. Hawaii had the highest prices, at 74 cents per liter, followed by California, at 71 cents per liter.

  The lower prices are a result of oversupply, according to GasBuddy.

  Prices vary in the United States based on state taxes and the local supply of gasoline from nearby refineries.

  Worldwide, the lowest average gasoline prices were in Venezuela, just 1.6 cents per liter, according to GlobalPetrolPrices.com.

  Libya, Saudi Arabia, Algeria and Kuwait offered gas at less than 26 cents per liter ($1 a gallon), the website reported.

  The highest average prices are in the Netherlands at $1.87 per liter; Norway at $1.74 per liter; and the United Kingdom at $1.68 per liter.

  The prices differ based on available supplies, taxes imposed by governments and the amount of subsidies. Venezuela not only produces oil, but heavily subsidizes gasoline to keep prices near zero.

  I'm Jonathan Evans.

  Bruce Alpert reported on this story for VOA Learning English. Kathleen Struck was the editor.

  We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section or discuss how much you are paying for gasoline near your home on our Facebook page.​

  ______________________________________________________________

  Words in This Story

  liter – n. a metric unit for the volume of a liquid or gas; there are 3.79 liters in a gallon

  destination – n. a place where someone is going or something is being sent

  assumes – v. to think or believe something is true without proven facts

  slid – v. to slide or drop

  benficary – n. a person, organization, etc., that is helped by something

  trend – n. a general direction of change

  delighted – v. made very happy

  oversupply – n. an amount of something that is more than is needed or wanted

  projection – n. an estimate of what might happen in the future based on what is happening now

  subsidies -- n. money that is paid usually by a government to keep the price of a product or service low or to help a business or organization to continue to function

  deter – v. to cause (someone) to decide not to do something

  decline – n. to become lower in amount or less in number

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本文来源:https://english.liuxue86.com/e/2639467.html
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