[误] She was named of a flower.?
[正] She was named after a flower.?
[析] 以……命名应为name after,又如给某人取名应为The father named his son Tom.?
[误] We came near to hit him.?
[正] We came near to hitting him.?
[析] 这句话应译为"我们几乎要打他一顿。"near to这一用法中to为介词,其后要接宾语,所以要接名词或动名词。near作介词时其后可加to也可不加to,如: I sit near the door, I sit near to the fire.?
by near ?
We lived near the city. 与We lived by the city. 两句话都是对的,但其表达的意义有所不同,by在表达距离时比near更近,所以by the city是紧靠近某城市。?
[误] This room needs to clean.?
[正] This room needs to be cleaned.?
[正] This room needs cleaning.?
[误] We need not to do it.?
[正] We needn't do it.?
[析] need用在否定句、疑问句中一般用作情态动词,所以无人称变化也不加to,而在肯定句中则多用作实意动词,如: We need your help.?
[误] None of my parents is a teacher.?
[正] Neither of my parents is a teacher.?
[析] 对两者的否定不能用none只能用neither, none用于三人以上的情况。?
[误] I don't do my homework. Neither he does.?
[正] I don't do my homework. Neither does he.?
[误] Neither you nor I are right.?
[正] Neither you nor I am right.?
[析] neither…nor… 这一句型在应用时其谓语动词应以邻近的主语一致。?
[误] Neither he studies nor plays.?
[正] Neither does he study nor play.?
[析] neither, hardly, seldom等否定词位于句首时,谓语动词采用倒装形式。
[误] Never I have broken my word.?
[正] Never have I broken my word.?
[析] never用于句首时起强调作用,要用倒装语序。但用于句中一般放于情态动词、助动词、或be动词后面,如: I shall never forgot the expression on her face. Lost time is never found again. 用于成语中,如: Better late than never. (晚做比不做强。)never mind没关系,如: "What did you say?""Oh, never mind."?
[误] There are many news about the accident.?
[正] There is much news about the accident.?
[析] news是不可数名词,它没有复数形式,如果讲一条新闻要用a piece of news.
[误] I read the news on today's newspaper.?
[正] I read the news in today's newspaper.?
[析] 在报纸上读到某一条新闻一定要用介词in,而on the newspaper是指把某物放于报纸之上,如: May I put the flower on this newspaper??
[误] I came home very late yesterday night.?
[正] I came home very late last night.?
[析] "昨晚"一般要讲last night,而不应参照"昨天上午、下午、傍晚"的说法yesterday morning等套用。?
no none ?
no是个限定词,它可以用在可数名词单复数或不可数名词前,如: No news is good news. 但如果名词前有另一限定词时则不能用no,而要用none of,如None of the students was here.?
no not ?
要使句子具有部分否定的意思,我们用not,如: I can see you tomorrow, but not Sunday. 如果是全部否定则用no,如Sorry, there is no time to talk.?
No one none ?
no one与nobody一样不能接of结构,如: No one wished me good luck. 而要用of结构时要用none, 如: None of my friends wished me good luck.?
[误] I never saw the painting before, or did I hear of it.?
[正] I never saw the painting before, not did I hear of it.?
[析] 注意在表达"既不……也不……"时不要用or作连词,而要用nor,并且要用倒装语序。 ?
[误] The students went to the park, but no the teachers.?
[正] The students went to the park, but not the teachers.?
[析] 要使一个句子或一个句子的某一部分为否定时我们要用not, 而不用no.?
[误] There is no my letter today.?
[正] There is no letter for me today.?
[误] He not only was a writer but also an actor.?
[正] He was not only a writer but also an actor.?
[析] 在这一句型中not only之后的词与but also之后的词类必须一致,否则应为错句。如果这一结构用在主语位置,则谓语动词要与but also后面的主语保持一致,如: Not only you but also I am wrong.?
[误] Nothing but books were sold here.?
[正] Nothing but books was sold here.?
[误] I have nothing to do but to cry.?
[正] I have nothing to do but cry.?
[误] A number of news can be heard on TV today.?
[正] A lot of news can be heard on TV today.?
[析] a number of后接可数名词复数。?
[误] The number of students are ten thousand.?
[正] The number of students is ten thousand.?
[析] a number of 其意为"大量的",而the number of…是"某某的数量"。即the number of students意为"学生人数",所以要用单数形式的谓语动词。