谓语动词放在主语之前的这种语法现象称为倒装。从倒装的形式来看，可分为全部倒装（full inversion）和部分倒装（partial inversion）两种。前者是指整个谓语置于主语之前，而后者仅是指助动词、情态动词或be 动词等功能置于主语这前。
例1：How are you getting along with your work？
例2：Is this report written in detail？
2.在there be 及其类似结构中
例1：There are forty students in our class.
例2：There seem to be still some elements undiscovered yet.
例3：There stands a bridge across the river.
例1：Long live the People's Republic of China！
例2：May you succeed！
例3：Dog-tired though they were，they continued to march on.
例1：Were there no air or water，there would be no life in the world.
例2：Had you been more careful，such spelling mistakes might have been avoided.
1）This problem is not difficult and neither is that one.
2）Coal is under the ground in some places，and so is oil.
这些词和词组通常有：rarely，never，scarcely，no sooner，little，few，hardly，seldom，at no time，in no way，on no account，nowhere，nobody，not only等。例如：
1）Visit our stores. Nowhere else will you find such magnificent bargains.
2）Hardly had he finished his work when the telephone rang.
3）Not only did he complain about the food，he also refused to pay for it.
4）Little did we think his speech had made so deep an impression on his audience.
例1：Worst of all were the humiliations.
例2：Such is the case.
例1：Still greater contributions should we make to our socialist construction.
例2：Useful chemical fertilizer can we make from the waste liquid.
注：当前置宾语由“not a +名词”或者“not a single +名词”构成时，也会引起倒装。例如：
Alice had a terrible time touring that country. Not a day did she spend without having some unpleasantness with waiters in the hotel.
1）Up went the plane.
2）In came the chairman and the meeting began.
1）Out they rushed！
2）Lower and lower he bent.
1）Round the corner walked a large policeman.
2）Under the table was lying a half-conscious young man.
（3）当句首状语由“only +副词”，“only +介词词组”，“only +状语从句”构成时，句子须倒装。例如：
1）Only yesterday did he find out that his watch was missing.
2）Only because there were some cancelled bookings did he get some tickets in the end.
1）Here is a ticket for you.
2）Now comes your turn.
3）Here he comes.
1）So small was the mark that I could hardly see it.
2）So quickly did the workmen finish their work that they were given a bonus.
3）So much does he worry about his financial position that he can't sleep at night.
注：在该结构中，“so +形容词”是表语的前置：“so +副词”是状语的前置。
在叙事性书面语中，直接引语后常跟asked Mary，answered John，said the old lady，grunted Peter之类的词语。在这些词语中，动词常的主语之前，主语是代词时，不用倒装。例如：
1）“What do you mean？” asked Henry.
2）“What do you mean？” he asked.
11. often，many a time等表示频度的状语置于句首时
例如：Often did they think of going there，but they never had a chance.
Small as the atom is，we can smash it.《高中英语语法-英语倒装的表现形式》由留学liuxue86.com编辑整理