?man—men, woman—women, child—children, foot—feet, tooth—teeth
?fish, sheep, deer, Chinese, Japanese
?trousers, shoes, glasses
?单数名词加's, 复数名词加s', 不是以s结尾的复数名词加?'s?, 如: children's
?如: the capital of China
?如: Tom's and Mary's bikes (两人各自的自行车)
如: Tom and Mary's mother (即Tom与Mary是兄妹)
?如: ten minutes' walk, ten miles' journey, a boat's length, two pounds' weight, ten dollars' worth
?a friend of my father's
?例: She is less beautiful than Mary.
?例: He is the taller of the two.?
She is the best player of the three.
?例: The days are getting hotter and hotter.
?The more you study, the more you learn.
?⑥ 修饰比较级的词有:much, by far, even, a little, a great deal…
?例: She is much better now.
?这样的连词有: or, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also。
?例: You or your friend has to go to the teachers' office.
?例: Hurry up, or you will be late for school.
?例: He has no money and he is poor.?
He is poor but he is honest.
?如: at noon
?如: on Christmas
?如: in the morning, in the Second world war
?如: on a cold morning, on a hot afternoon, on Sunday morning
?如: during the night, during the Second World War
?如: for three days
?例: It snowed through the night.
?例:I studied hard till twelve o'clock last night.
?例: I'll be back by five o'clock.
?例:I have studied English since 1990.
?如: arrived at the school gate
?如: arrived in Shanghai
?例: I'll leave for Shanghai.
?例: The dog jumped over the table.
?如: through the forest
?例: I want to walk across the road.
?一般现在时的主要用法有两点:其一表示一经常发生的动作,如: I always go to scho
ol at seven. 其二表示某一真理,事实,如: The earth moves around the sun.
。如: I have studied English for two years. 其二表示某动作发生于过去并已结束,但其影响到现在。如: I haven't had my lunch. I'm hungry now.
?与现在完成时连用的词语有:yet, already, before, since, ever, never等。
?其一: Have been表示曾经去过,如:I have been to America twice. 说此话的人应
已经回到国内。而He has gone to Japan.则此人目前已到日本去了。
?其二: 截止性动词可以有现在完成时,但不可与表示一段长度的词连用,如: The class has begun. The class has been on for five minutes.
?表示过去发生的动作,过去的习惯或反复发生的动作。如: Who broke the window? In those days, I studied hard at night every day. 与过去时连用的时间状语有: at that time, ago, in 1949, just now (刚才), last night, yesterday
?例: I'll leave for Shanghai this evening.
?表示按计划要做或可能做的事: be going to+动词原形
?例: I'm going to help you tonight.
?例: Don't worry. I'm coming.
?b. be about to+动词原形
?例: He is about to leave, when the telephone rings.
?例: If it rains tomorrow I won't go to the party.
?例: He can do it very well.
?例: May I use your pen?
?例: You mustn't play with fire.
?have to: 不得不(多表示客观之事)
?例: I have to go, because I have a meeting.
?例: Could you help me?
?例: Could you tell me where the post office is??
Could you tell me what he said? (what作said的宾语)
?例: They said that they would give me some help. (that 仅作引导词)
?例: He asked when we would leave home.
?例:I will come when I am free.?
I'm late because my bike is broken.?
He went so early that he got a good seat.?
She studied hard so that she would pass the exam.
?例: If it rains tomorrow I shall not go to the cinema.
?? 表示在一长动作进行过程中某一动作突然发生则长动作要用进行时态,而突发性 动作要用一般时态。
?例: When I'm reading a book, the telephone rings.
?例: She can swim across the river, can't she??
It's a fine day, isn't it??
Marry needs to have a rest, doesn't she??
You have nothing to do, do you??
He seldom does homework, does he??
Don't open the door, will you??
Open the door please, will you??
Let us have a rest, will you??
Let's go, shall we?
?例. What a hot day it is!?
How hot the weather is!
? 例: It has begun to rain.?
I want to go to the cinema.
? 例: I want to know how to work.
? I want to know what to do.
? 例: He told me not to do it.
? 例: I saw him come this morning.
这样的动词有see, hear, watch等感官动词,及have(作让、使讲) make, let.《英语语法知识考查要点》由留学英语组编辑整理(www.liuxue86.com)