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新概念英语第四册知识点:第1课

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  Lesson 1 Finding fossil man 发现化石人

  We can read of things that happened 5,000 years ago in the Near East, where people first learned to write.

  But there are some parts of the world where even now people cannot write. The only way that they can preserve their history is to recount it as sagas----legends handed down from one generation of storytellers to another. These legends are useful because they can tell us something about migrations of people who lived long ago, but none could write down what they did. Anthropologists wondered where the remote ancestors of the Polynesian peoples now living in the Pacific Islands came from. The sagas of these people explain that some of them came from Indonesia about 2,000 years ago.(暂不提供全文)

  ROBIN PLACE Finding fossil man

  New words and expressions 生词短语

  recount /ri'kaunt/ v.叙述/ ' rei'kaunt/ 再数一次

  record / ' rek[d/ /ri' kC:d/ 第一个音节带重音,名前动后

  叙述:recount : emotionless 重复

  describe

  depict: a little emotional

  narrate: temporal&spacial 根据时间或空间顺序描述。

  portray:描述

  saga /'sa:g[/ n.英雄故事 描述的内容mostly real 北欧海盗活动的故事

  legend /'ledV[nd/ n.传说,传奇 unreal e.g robin hood

  anthropologist/ 'AnWr['pCl[dVist/ n.人类学家

  anthrop:人

  philosophere :philo+sopher|爱+智慧=哲学家

  philanthropist : 慈善家(对人有爱心的人)

  anthropology :人类学

  带-gy结尾的都是学科:biology 生物学geography 地理学 ecology 生态学

  remote/ ri'm[ut/ n.遥远

  ancestor / 'Ansest[/ n.祖先

  an- 在前面

  forefather,forebear ,predecessor祖先

  rot/ rCt/ v.烂掉

  leave me rot.=leave me along

  rot to death.

  soon ripe,soon rotten.

  decay 国家民族逐渐衰亡 decompose 逐渐衰竭 deteriorate关系逐渐恶化

  trace /treis/ n.痕迹,踪迹

  trace the problem

  i follow your trace=i follow where you go

  polynesia 波利尼西亚

  poly-多

  polyandric: a wife with more than one husband

  polygeny : a husband with more than one wife

  flint /flint/ n.燧石 flinting hearted

  fossil / ' fCsl/ n. 化石cobble 鹅卵石

  Notes on the text 课文注释

  read of 读到

  谈到:speak of ,talk of ,know of,hear of

  near east:近东 mediterranean, south europe,north afric

  far east

  非限定性从句,表原因

  oral(spoken) language is earlier than written language.

  precede :什么在什么之前,不用比较,直接跟名词

  counterpart: two things or two people have the same position

  oral(spoken) language is earlier than written counterpart.

  preserve: 保留,保存(腌制)

  如果句中有only,那后面的表语结构就要用to do sth,而不是doing sth.

  storyteller: 讲故事的人

  fortuneteller, palmreader: 算命先生

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