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英语英语教材 新概念英语第四册考点精讲 :第5课,英语教材

新概念英语第四册考点精讲 :第5课

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  Lesson 5 No Room in the Ark 诺亚方舟无容身之地

  The gorilla is something of a paradox in the African scene. One thinks one knows him very well.

  For a hundred years or more he has been killed, captured, and imprisoned, in zoos. His bones have been mounted in natural history museums everywhere, and he has always exerted a strong fascination upon scientists and romantics alike. He is the stereotyped monster of the horror films and the adventure books, and an obvious (though not perhaps strictly scientific) link with our ancestral past.(暂不提供全文)

  New words and expressions 生词短语

  (good article : five stars 该文写得不错。)

  the + n.(s) 表示一类: the gorilla(s)

  scene 场景

  in the African scene : Africa as the background

  gather palace 聚集地

  something of a paradox 自相矛盾(人对猩猩的观点) contradictory ideas about him

  主题句:One thinks one knows him very well.

  问题:Yet the fact is we know very little about gorillas.

  Their ideas vary。人们对他的观点相差很大。

  For a hundred years or more 一百年甚至更多(包括一百年)

  For more than one hundred years 一百多年

  西方,动物一般用人称代替。本文中,gorillas 用 him 代替。另外有:cat – she, dog – he .

  imprisoned 关起来圈养

  be mounted in natural history museums 陈列在自然历史博物馆

  重点句型:

  He exert a strong fascination upon(on) Sb. 施加给人们强大的魅力

  exert … on … 施加(压力)

  impose … on … ,例如 impose influence on , impose pressure on

  上句可表示为 He have a strong fascination for Sb.

  或 The gorilla is always fascinating to Sb.

  alike adv.相同,一样 adj.只能做表语。例如:

  The two are alike. 这两人真像。

  形容词只要以 a 开头,99.99%都做表语。不能做定语词。

  例如:asleep , awake ,afloat 等

  He is the stereotyped monster of the horror films and the adventure books.

  stereotyped – old time 老样子horror films 恐怖片

  film (英) movie (美)the stereotyped monster 经典模式

  省略主语 and (he is) an obvious (…) link with our ancestral past

  link with … 与…相联系our ancestral past (n.)

  through not perhaps strikly scientific

  尽管话说回来,不是严格的科学概念

  through 引导的从句主语和主句相同,可以省略。

  Eg: I arrived at the meeting , though (I was ) late.

  Yet 与 however ,表示转折,意思完全相同。但 yet 用在句首,however 加标点,可以用

  在自由位置。

  重要句型:

  No really satisfactory photograph has ever been taken of one in …

  Take picture / photograph 照相

  of one 定语后置,satisfactory photograph of one。主要是为了句子的平衡。One 指 gorilla

  in a wild state 在野生状态下

  keep the … under … observation 把某事处于观察之下

  keep the city clean 保持城市清洁

  close and constant observation 持续不断的观察

  Eg: I have to keep the boy under close control.

  To control the boy very strikly.

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